Energy-dependent phospholipid efflux translocator that acts as a positive regulator of biliary lipid secretion. Functions as a floppase that translocates specifically phosphatidylcholine (PC) from the inner to the outer leaflet of the canalicular membrane bilayer into the canaliculi of hepatocytes. Translocation of PC makes the biliary phospholipids available for extraction into the canaliculi lumen by bile salt mixed micelles and therefore protects the biliary tree from the detergent activity of bile salts (PubMed:7957936, PubMed:8898203, PubMed:9366571, PubMed:17523162, PubMed:23468132, PubMed:24806754, PubMed:24723470, PubMed:24594635, PubMed:21820390). Plays a role in the recruitment of phosphatidylcholine (PC), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) and sphingomyelin (SM) molecules to nonraft membranes and to fu rther enrichment of SM and cholesterol in raft membranes in hepatocytes (PubMed:23468132). Required for proper phospholipid bile formation (By similarity). Indirectly involved in cholesterol efflux activity from hepatocytes into the canalicular lumen in the presence of bile salts in an ATP-dependent manner (PubMed:24045840). Promotes biliary phospholipid secretion as canaliculi-containing vesicles from the canalicular plasma membrane (PubMed:9366571, PubMed:28012258). In cooperation with ATP8B1, functions to protect hepatocytes from the deleterious detergent activity of bile salts (PubMed:21820390). Does not confer multidrug resistance (By similarity).
ABCB4 protein expression
Up-regulated by PPARA (PubMed:24122873). Up-regulated by compounds that cause peroxisome proliferation, such as fenofibrate (at protein level). Up-regulated by bezafibrate (PubMed:15258199). Up-regulated by compounds that cause peroxisome proliferation, such as fenofibrate, bezafibrate and gemfibrozil (PubMed:24122873).
ABCB4 protein sequence
This sequence information is just for reference only.From Uniport
ABCB4 cDNA / gene is a gene with protein product which located on 7q21.12. The ABCB4 gene is conserved in chimpanzee, dog, cow, mouse, rat, chicken, fruit fly, and rice. 18 organisms have orthologs with human gene ABCB4.
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