What is immunotherapy for cancer? Immunotherapy for cancer is a treatment that uses certain parts of a person's immune system to fight cancer. This cancer immunotherapy can be done in a couple of ways:
Monoclonal antibodies, cancer vaccines, cytokines, immune modulation, adoptive immunotherapies……
Various cancers have received immunotherapy: lung cancer, melanoma, breast cancer, prostate cancer, pancreatic cancer, ovavian cancer, colon cancer, bladder cancer, liver cancer, brain cancer, kidney cancer, esophageal cancer, gastric cancer, and leukemia.
A lot of progresses have been made for cancer immunotherapy, drugs such as Ipilimumab, Nivolumab, Pembrolizumab, Rituximab, Cetuximab, Trastuzumab, Sipuleucel-T, Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG), Aldesleukin have been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) .
More and more efforts is being made for cancer immunotherapy, which is anticipated to offer more promise for cancer treatment.
Dougan M et al. Immunotherapy of cancer. Innate immune regulation and cancer immunotherapy. Springer New York, 2012: 391-414.
Mellman I, et al. Cancer immunotherapy comes of age. Nature, 2011, 480(7378): 480-489.