Interleukin-18 receptor 1 (IL18R1) also known as CD218 antigen-like family member A, CDw218a, IL1 receptor-related protein, and CD218a, is an interleukin receptor of the immunoglobulin superfamily. IL18R1 is found expressed in the lung, leukocytes, spleen, liver, thymus, prostate, small intestine, colon, placenta, and heart, and is absent from the brain, skeletal muscle, pancreas, and kidney. A high level of expression is found in Hodgkin disease cell lines. This receptor is specifically bound to interleukin 18 (IL18) and is essential for IL18 mediated signal transduction. IL18R1 contains 3 Ig-like C2-type (immunoglobulin-like) domains and 1 TIR domain. It is a single-pass type I membrane protein. IFN-alpha and IL12 are reported to induce the expression of this receptor in NK and T cells. The increased expression of IL18R1 may contribute pathogenically to disease and is therefore a potential therapeutic target. The absence of a genetic association in the IL18R1 gene itself suggests regulation from other parts of the genome, or as part of the inflammatory cascade in multiple sclerosis without a prime genetic cause.
Nadif R, et al.. (2006) IL18 and IL18R1 polymorphisms, lung CT and fibrosis: A longitudinal study in coal miners. Eur Respir J. 28(6): 1100-5.
Haralambieva IH, et al.. (2011) Common SNPs/haplotypes in IL18R1 and IL18 genes are associated with variations in hum oral immunity to smallpox vaccination in Caucasians and African Americans. J Infect Dis. 204(3): 433-41.
Hulin-Curtis SL, et al.. (2012) Evaluation of IL18 and IL18R1 polymorphisms: genetic susceptibility to knee osteoarthritis. Int J Immunogenet. 39(2): 106-9.
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