Mouse GPNMB HEK293 Overexpression Lysate: Product Information
This Mouse GPNMB overexpression lysate was created in HEK293 Cells and intented for use as a Western blot (WB) positive control. Purification of GPNMB protein (Cat: 50475-M08H) from the overexpression lysate was verified.
A DNA sequence encoding the mouse GPNMB (Q99P91) (Met1-Asn502) was expressed with a C-terminal polyhistidine tag.
The recombinant mouse GPNMB comprises 490 amino acids and has a predicted molecular mass of 54.9 kDa. The apparent molecular mass of the protein is approximately 96 kDa in SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions due to glycosylation.
Cell lysate was prepared by homogenization of the over-expressed cells in ice-cold modified RIPA Lysis Buffer with cocktail of protease inhibitors (Sigma). Cell debris was removed by centrifugation. Protein concentration was determined by Bradford assay (Bio-Rad protein assay, Microplate Standard assay). The cell lysate was boiled for 5 min in 1 x SDS loading buffer (50 mM Tris-HCl pH 6.8, 12.5% glycerol, 1% sodium dodecylsulfate, 0.01% bromophenol blue) containing 5% b-mercaptoethanol, and lyophilized.
GPNMB belongs to the PMEL / NMB family, also known as Osteoactivin and Hematopoietic growth factor-inducible neurokinin 1 ( HGFIN ), is a transmembrane glycoprotein that is expressed in numerous cells, including osteoclasts, macrophages, dendritic cells, and tumor cells. It is suggested to influence osteoblast maturation, cell adhesion and migration. GPNMB protein acts as a downstream mediator of BMP-2 effects on osteoblast differentiation and function. GPNMB participates in bone mineralization, and functions as a negative regulator of inflammation in macrophages. Osteoactivin is expressed at high levels in normal and inflammatory liver macrophages suggesting a significant role in acute liver injury. The early-phase upregulation of Osteoactivin expression in the tubular epithelium in response to renal injury might play a role in triggering renal interstitial fibrosis via activation of matrix metalloproteinase expression and collagen remodeling in rats. Osteoactivin as a protein that is expressed in aggressive human breast cancers and is capable of promoting breast cancer metastasis to bone.
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