Granulin cDNA ORF Clone, Mouse, C-DDK (Flag®) tag

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Granulin cDNA ORF Clone, Mouse, C-DDK (Flag®) tag: General Information

Gene
Species
Mouse
NCBI Ref Seq
RefSeq ORF Size
1809 bp
Sequence Description
Identical with the Gene Bank Ref. ID sequence except for the point mutations: 1461T/C,1494T/C not causing the amino acid variation.
Description
Full length Clone DNA of Mouse granulin with C terminal Flag tag.
Plasmid
Promoter
Enhanced CMV promoter
Vector
Restriction Sites
HindIII + NotI(6kb+1.81kb)
Tag Sequence
FLAG Tag Sequence: GATTACAAGGATGACGACGATAAG
Sequencing Primers
T7( 5' TAATACGACTCACTATAGGG 3' )
BGH( 5' TAGAAGGCACAGTCGAGG 3' )
Quality Control
The plasmid is confirmed by full-length sequencing.
Screening
Antibiotic in E.coli
Kanamycin
Antibiotic in Mammalian cell
Hygromycin
Application
Stable or Transient mammalian expression
Storage & Shipping
Shipping
Each tube contains lyophilized plasmid.
Storage
The lyophilized plasmid can be stored at ambient temperature for three months.

Granulin cDNA ORF Neucleotide Sequence and Amino Acid Sequence Information

**Sino Biological guarantees 100% sequence accuracy of all synthetic DNA constructs we deliver, but we do not guarantee protein expression in your experimental system. Protein expression is influenced by many factors that may vary between experiments or laboratories.**

Granulin cDNA ORF Clone, Mouse, C-DDK (Flag®) tag: Validated Images

The plasmid was transfected into 293E adherent cells with Sinofection reagent (Cat# STF01). After 48 h, Immunofluorescence staining of cells. Cells were fixed with 4% PFA, permeabilzed with 0.3% Triton X-100 in PBS, blocked with 10% serum, and incubated with Mouse anti-Flag Tag monoclonal antibody (CST#8146S) at 37℃ 1 hour. Then cells were stained with Goat Anti-mouse IgG secondary antibody. The fluorescent signal is detected by fluorescence microscope. Each expression experiment has negative control.

Granulin cDNA ORF Clone, Mouse, C-DDK (Flag®) tag: Alternative Names

epithelin cDNA ORF Clone, Mouse; Pgrn cDNA ORF Clone, Mouse

Granulin Background Information

Granulins are a family of secreted, glycosylated peptides that are cleaved from a single precursor protein with 7.5 repeats of a highly conserved 12-cysteine granulin/epithelin motif. The precursor protein, progranulin, is also called proepithelin and PC cell-derived growth factor. Cleavage of the signal peptide produces mature granulin which can be further cleaved into a variety of active, 6 kDa peptides. These smaller cleavage products are named granulin A, granulin B, granulin C, etc. Epithelins 1 and 2 are synonymous with granulins A and B, respectively. Both the peptides and intact granulin protein regulate cell growth. However, different members of the granulin protein family may act as inhibitors, stimulators, or have dual actions on cell growth. Granulin family members are important in normal development, wound healing, and tumorigenesis. Granulins have possible cytokine-like activity. They may play a role in inflammation, wound repair, and tissue remodeling. Granulin-4 promotes proliferation of the epithelial cell line A431 in culture while granulin-3 acts as an antagonist to granulin-4, inhibiting the growth. Granulin expression inhibited Tat transactivation, and tethering experiments showed that this effect was due, at least in part, to a direct action on cyclin T1 in the absence of Tat.
Full Name
Granulin Precursor
References
  • Hoque M, et al. (2003) The growth factor granulin interacts with cyclin T1 and modulates P-TEFb-dependent transcription. Mol Cell Biol. 23(5): 1688-702.
  • Bateman A, et al. (1990) Granulins, a novel class of peptide from leukocytes. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 173(3): 1161-8.
  • Trinh DP, et al. (1999) Epithelin/granulin growth factors: extracellular cofactors for HIV-1 and HIV-2 Tat proteins. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 256(2): 299-306.
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