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Human CD3d / CD3 delta ELISA Pair Set

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Materials provided
Capture Ab:0.3 mg/mL of mouse anti-CD3D monoclonal antibody. Dilute to a working concentration of 1 μg/mL in CBS before coating
Detection Ab:0.5 mg/mL mouse anti-CD3D monoclonal antibody conjugated to horseradish-peroxidase (HRP). Dilute to working concentration of 0.25 μg/mL in detection antibody dilution buffer before use
Standard:Each vial contains 60 ng of recombinant CD3D. Reconstitute with 1 mL detection antibody dilution buffer. After reconstitution, store at -20℃ to -80℃ in a manual defrost freezer. A seven-point standard curve usi ng 2-fold serial dilutions in sample dilution buffer, and a high standard of 4 ng/mL is recommended.
The minimum detectable dose of human CD3D was determined to be approximately 62.5 pg/ml. This is defined as at least three times standard deviations above the mean optical density of 10 replicates of the zero standard
Principle of the product
The human CD3D ELISA Pair Set is for the quantitative determination of human CD3D .
This ELISA Pair Set contains the basic components required for the development of sandwich ELISAs.
The Sino Biological ELISA Pair Set is a solid phase sandwich ELISA (Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay). It utilizes a monoclonal antibody specific for Trk-B /NTRK2 coated on a 96-well plate. Standards and samples are added to the wells,and any Trk-B / NTRK2 present binds to the immobilized antibody. The wells arewashed and a horseradish peroxidase conjugated mouse anti-TrkB monoclonalantibody is then added, producing an antibody-antigen-antibody "sandwich". Thewells are again washed and TMB substrate solution is loaded, which producescolor in proportion to the amount of Trk-B / NTRK2 present in the sample. Toend the enzyme reaction, the stop solution is added and absorbances of themicrowell are read at 450 nm.
Capture Antibody: Aliquot and store at -20℃ to -80℃ for up to 6 months from date of receipt. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Detection Antibody: Protect it from prolonged exposure to light. Aliquot and store at -20℃ to -80℃ and for up to 6 months from date of receipt. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Standard: Store lyophilized Standard at -20℃ to -80℃ for up to 6 months from date of receipt. Aliquot and store the reconstituted Standard at -80℃ for up to 1 month. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.

T-cell surface glycoprotein CD3 delta chain, also known as CD3D, is a single-pass type I membrane protein. CD3D, together with CD3-gamma, CD3-epsilon and CD3-zeta, and the T-cell receptor alpha/beta and gamma/delta heterodimers, forms the T cell receptor-CD3 complex. The majority of T cell receptor (TCR) complexes in mice and humans consist of a heterodimer of polymorphic TCRalpha and beta chains along with invariant CD3gamma, delta, epsilon, and zeta chains. CD3 chains are present as CD3gammaepsilon, deltaepsilon, and zetazeta dimers in the receptor complex and play critical roles in the antigen receptor assembly, transport to the cell surface, and the receptor-mediated signal transduction. T cell receptor-CD3 complex plays an important role in coupling antigen recognition to several intracellular signal-transduction pathways. This complex is critical for T-cell development and function, and represents one of the most complex transmembrane receptors. The T cell receptor-CD3 complex is unique in having ten cytoplasmic immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motifs (ITAMs). CD3D contains 1 ITAM domain and has been shown to interact with CD8A. In the mouse, knockout of CD3delta allows some degree of T lymphocyte differentiation since mature CD4 and CD8 as well as TCRgammadelta T lymphocytes are observed in the periphery. In contrast, deleterious mutation of the CD3delta encoding gene in the human leads to a severe combined immunodeficiency characterised by the complete absence of mature T cell subpopulations including TCRalpha/beta and TCRgamma/delta. Defects in CD3D cause severe combined immunodeficiency autosomal recessive T-cell-negative/B-cell-positive/NK-cell-positive (T-/B+/NK+ SCID) which is a genetically and clinically heterogeneous group of rare congenital disorders characterized by impairment of both humoral and cell-mediated immunity, leukopenia, and low or absent antibody levels. In humans the absence of CD3 delta results in a complete arrest in thymocyte development at the stage of double negative to double positive transition and the development of gamma delta T-cell receptor-positive T cells is also impaired.

  • Roifman CM. (2004) CD3 delta immunodeficiency. Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol. 4(6): 479-84.
  • Pan Q, et al. (2006) Different role for mouse and human CD3delta/epsilon heterodimer in preT cell receptor (preTCR) function: human CD3delta/epsilon heterodimer restores the defective preTCR function in CD3gamma- and CD3gammadelta-deficient mice. Mol Immunol. 43(11): 1741-50.
  • Le Deist F, et al. (2007) Expression anomalies of the CD3-TCR complex expression and immunodeficiencies. Med Sci (Paris). 23(2): 161-6.
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