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Human PRLR / Prolactin Receptor ELISA Pair Set

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Materials provided
Capture Ab:0.25 mg/mL of rabbit anti-PRLR monoclonal antibody. Dilute to a working concentration of 2.0 μg/mL in CBS before coating.
Detection Ab:0.5 mg/mL rabbit anti-PRLR monoclonal antibody conjugated to horseradish-peroxidase (HRP). Dilute to working concentration of 0.25 μg/mL in detection antibody dilution buffer before use.
Standard:Each vial contains 15 ng of recombinant PRLR. Reconstitute standard powder with 1 mL detection antibody dilution buffer. After reconstitution, store at -20℃ to -80℃ in a manual defrost freezer. A seven-point standard curve using 2-fold serial dilutions in sample dilution buffer, and a high standard of 500 pg/mL is recommended.
The minimum detectable dose of human PRLR / Prolactin Receptor was determined to be approximately 7.8 pg/ml. This is defined as at least three times standard deviations above the mean optical density of 10 replicates of the zero standard.
Principle of the product
The human PRLR / Prolactin Receptor ELISA Pair Set is for the quantitative determination of human PRLR.
This ELISA Pair Set contains the basic components required for the development of sandwich ELISAs.
The Sino Biological ELISA Pair Set is a solid phase sandwich ELISA (Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay). It utilizes a monoclonal antibody specific for PRLR / Prolactin Receptor coated on a 96-well plate. Standards and samples are added to the wells, and any PRLR / Prolactin Receptor present binds to the immobilized antibody. The wells are washed and a horseradish peroxidase conjugated rabbit anti-PRLR monoclonal antibody is then added, producing an antibody-antigen-antibody “sandwich”. The wells are again washed and TMB substrate solution is loaded, which produces color in proportion to the amount of PRLR / Prolactin Receptor present in the sample. To end the enzyme reaction, the stop solution is added and absorbances of the microwell are read at 450 nm.
Capture Antibody: Aliquot and store at -20℃ to -80℃ for up to 6 months from date of receipt. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Detection Antibody: Protect it from prolonged exposure to light. Aliquot and store at -20℃ to -80℃ and for up to 6 months from date of receipt. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Standard: Store lyophilized Standard at -20℃ to -80℃ for up to 6 months from date of receipt. Aliquot and store the reconstituted Standard at -80℃ for up to 1 month. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.

Prolactin receptor (PRLR) is a single-pass transmembrane receptor belonging to the type â…  cytokine receptor superfamily, and contains two fibronectin type-â…¢ domains. All class 1 ligands activate their respective receptors by clustering mechanisms. Ligand binding results in the transmembrane PRLR dimerization, followed by phosphorylation and activation of the molecules invloved in the signaling pathways, such as Jak-STAT, Ras/Raf/MAPK. The PRLR contains no intrinsic tyrosine kinase cytoplasmic domain but associates with a cytoplasmic tyrosine kinase, JAK2. PRLR mainly serves as the receptor for the pituitary hormone prolactin (PRL), a secreted hormone that affects reproduction and homeostasis in vertebrates. PRLR can be regulated by an interplay of two different mechanisms, PRL or ovarian steroid hormones independently or in combination in a tissue-specific manner. The role of the hormone prolactin (PRL) in the pathogenesis of breast cancer is mediated by its cognate receptor (PRLR). Ubiquitin-dependent degradation of the PRLR that negatively regulates PRL signaling is triggered by PRL-mediated phosphorylation of PRLR on Ser349 followed by the recruitment of the beta-transducin repeats-containing protein (beta-TrCP) ubiquitin-protein isopeptide ligase. which altered PRLR stability may directly influence the pathogenesis of breast cancer.

  • Bole-Feysot C, et al. (1998) Prolactin (PRL) and its receptor: actions, signal transduction pathways and phenotypes observed in PRL receptor knockout mice. Endocr Rev. 19(3): 225-68.
  • Goffin V, et al. (1999) From the molecular biology of prolactin and its receptor to the lessons learned from knockout mice models. Genet Anal. 15(3-5): 189-201.
  • Li Y, et al. (2006) Stabilization of prolactin receptor in breast cancer cells. Oncogene. 25(13): 1896-902.
  • Shao R, et al. (2008) Differences in prolactin receptor (PRLR) in mouse and human fallopian tubes: evidence for multiple regulatory mechanisms controlling PRLR isoform expression in mice. Biol Reprod. 79(4): 748-57.
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