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Human Complement C1s ELISA Pair Set

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Materials provided
Capture Ab:0.5 mg/mL of mouse anti-C1S monoclonal antibody. Dilute to a working concentration of 2.0 μg/mL in CBS before coating.
Detection Ab:0.5 mg/mL mouse anti-C1S monoclonal antibody conjugated to horseradish-peroxidase (HRP). Dilute to working concentration of 1.0 μg/mL in detection antibody dilution buffer before use
Standard:Each vial contains 720 ng of recombinant C1S. Reconstitute with 1 mL detection antibody dilution buffer. After reconstitution, store at -20℃ to -80℃ in a manual defrost freezer. A seven-point standard curve usi ng 2-fold serial dilutions in sample dilution buffer, and a high standard of 5000 pg/mL is recommended.
The minimum detectable dose of human C1s was determined to be approximately 78.1 pg/ml. This is defined as at least three times standard deviations above the mean optical density of 10 replicates of the zero standard.
Principle of the product
The human C1s ELISA Pair Set is for the quantitative determination of human C1s .
This ELISA Pair Set contains the basic components required for the development of sandwich ELISAs.
The Sino Biological ELISA Pair Set is a solid phase sandwich ELISA (Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay). It utilizes a monoclonal antibody specific for C1s coatedon a 96-well plate. Standards and samples are added to the wells, and any C1spresent binds to the immobilized antibody. The wells are washed and ahorseradish peroxidase conjugated mouse anti-C1s monoclonal antibody is thenadded, producing an antibody-antigen-antibody "sandwich". The wells are againwashed and TMB substrate solution is loaded, which produces color in proportionto the amount of C1s present in the sample. To end the enzyme reaction, thestop solution is added and absorbances of the microwell are read at 450 nm.
Capture Antibody: Aliquot and store at -20℃ to -80℃ for up to 6 months from date of receipt. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Detection Antibody: Protect it from prolonged exposure to light. Aliquot and store at -20℃ to -80℃ and for up to 6 months from date of receipt. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Standard: Store lyophilized Standard at -20℃ to -80℃ for up to 6 months from date of receipt. Aliquot and store the reconstituted Standard at -80℃ for up to 1 month. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.

Complement is an integral component of the adaptive and innate immune systems and represents one of the major effector systems for the immune responses. The classical complement pathway is triggered by C1, a complex composed of the binding protein C1q and two proenzymes, C1r and C1s. Upon binding of IgG to the head of C1q, C1r undergoes autoactivation and in turn cleaves and activates C1s. C1r and C1s, the proteases responsible for activation and proteolytic activity of the C1 complex of complement, share similar overall structural organizations featuring five nonenzymic protein modules (two CUB modules surrounding a single EGF module, and a pair of CCP modules) followed by a serine protease domain. Besides highly specific proteolytic activities, both proteases exhibit interaction properties associated with their N-terminal regions. In contrast, C1r and C1s widely differ from each other by their glycosylation patterns: both proteins contain Asn-linked carbohydrates, but four glycosylation sites are present on C1r, and only two on C1s. As a highly specific serine protease, C1s executes the catalytic function of the C1 complex: the cleavage of C4 and C2, and thus instigates a sequence of activation steps of other components of the complement system, culminating in the formation of the membrane attack complex which induces cell lysis. Like other complement serine proteases C1s has restricted substrate specificity and it is engaged into specific interactions with other subcomponents of the complement system. The only other protein known to interact with C1s physiologically is SerpinC1, an inhibitor of serine protease, which inhibits C1s activity and thus plays a regulatory role in controlling the function of C1s enzyme.

  • Arlaud GJ, et al. (1989) Structure and function of C1r and C1s: current concepts. Behring Inst Mitt. (84): 56-64.
  • Thielens NM, et al. (1999) Structure and functions of the interaction domains of C1r and C1s: keystones of the architecture of the C1 complex. Immunopharmacology. 42(1-3): 3-13.
  • Gl P, et al. (2002) C1s, the protease messenger of C1. Structure, function and physiological significance. Immunobiology. 205(4-5): 383-94.
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