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Human Layilin / LAYN ELISA Pair Set

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Human Layilin Materials provided
Capture Ab:0.5 mg/mL of mouse anti-Layilin monoclonal antibody. Dilute to a working concentration of 2.0 μg/mL in CBS before coating.
Detection Ab:0.6 mg/mL of mouse anti-Layilin monoclonal antibody conjugated to horseradish-peroxidase (HRP). Dilute to working concentration of 0.5 μg/mL in detection antibody dilution buffer before use.
Standard:Each vial contains 65 ng of recombinant Layilin. Reconstitute standard powder with 1 mL detection antibody dilution buffer. After reconstitution, store at -20℃ to -80℃ in a manual defrost freezer. A seven-point standard curve usi ng 2-fold serial dilutions in sample dilution buffer, and a high standard of 500 pg/mL is recommended.
Human Layilin Specificity
Human Layilin Sensitivity
The minimum detectable dose of human Layilin / LAYN was determined to be approximately 7.8125 pg/ml. This is defined as at least three times standard deviations above the mean optical density of 10 replicates of the zero standard.
Human Layilin Principle of the product
The human Layilin / LAYN ELISA Pair Set is for the quantitative determination of human Layilin / LAYN.
This ELISA Pair Set contains the basic components required for the development of sandwich ELISAs.
The Sino Biological ELISA Pair Set is a solid phase sandwich ELISA (Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay). It utilizes a monoclonal antibody specific for Layilin /LAYN coated on a 96-well plate. Standards and samples are added to the wells,and any Layilin / LAYN present binds to the immobilized antibody. The wells arewashed and a horseradish peroxidase conjugated mouse anti-Layilin / LAYNmonoclonal antibody is then added, producing an antibody-antigen-antibody"sandwich". The wells are again washed and TMB substrate solution is loaded,which produces color in proportion to the amount of Layilin / LAYN present inthe sample. To end the enzyme reaction, the stop solution is added andabsorbances of the microwell are read at 450 nm.
Human Layilin Storage
Capture Antibody: Aliquot and store at -20℃ to -80℃ for up to 6 months from date of receipt. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Detection Antibody: Protect it from prolonged exposure to light. Aliquot and store at -20℃ to -80℃ and for up to 6 months from date of receipt. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Standard: Store lyophilized Standard at -20℃ to -80℃ for up to 6 months from date of receipt. Aliquot and store the reconstituted Standard at -80℃ for up to 1 month. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Layilin / LAYN Background

Layilin, a recently characterized as a 55 kDa transmembrane protein with homology to C-type lectins, is present in numerous cell lines and tissue extracts. As one of the adaptor proteins, talin mediates the interactions between the actin filaments and the cell membrane by binding to integral membrane proteins and to the cytoskeleton. Layilin is a newly identified membrane-binding site for talin in peripheral ruffles of spreading cells, a ten-amino acid motif in the layilin cytoplasmic domain is sufficient for talin binding, and its adjacent LH2-LH3 tandem arrays in the cytoplasmic domain provide docking sites for talin. Furthermore, talin binds layilin, PIPK1gamma and integrins in similar although subtly different ways. Layilin binds specifically to hyaluronan (HA) through its extracellular domain, a ubiquitous extracellular matrix component in most animal tissues and body fluids, but not to other tested glycosaminoglycans. The research suggests that layilin may mediate signals from extracellular matrix to the cell cytoskeleton via interaction with different intracellular binding partners and thereby be involved in the modulation of cortical structures in the cell. All the above actions reveal an interesting parallel between layilin and the known HA receptor CD44. In addition, merlin and radixin have been identified as different intracellular binding partners of layilin. Accordingly, it has been suggested that layilin plays roles in a variety of cellular processes, including cell shape, adhesion, motility, and homeostasis, as well as signal transduction. In addition, layilin might play an important role in the process of invasion and lymphatic metastasis of lung carcinoma.

Human Layilin / LAYN References
  • Borowsky ML, et al. (1998) Layilin, a novel talin-binding transmembrane protein homologous with C-type lectins, is localized in membrane ruffles.J Cell Biol. 143(2):429-42.
  • Bono P, et al. (2001) Layilin, a novel integral membrane protein, is a hyaluronan receptor. Mol Biol Cell. 12(4)891-900.
  • Bono P, et al. (2005) Layilin, a cell surface hyaluronan receptor, interacts with merlin and radixin. Exp Cell Res. 308(1):177-87.
  • Scoles DR. (2007) The merlin interacting proteins reveal multiple targets for NF2 therapy. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1785(1):32-54.
  • Chen Z, et al. (2008) Down-regulation of layilin, a novel hyaluronan receptor, via RNA interference, inhibits invasion and lymphatic metastasis of human lung A549 cells. Biotechnol Appl Biochem. 50(Pt 2):89-96.
  • Wegener KL, et al. (2008) Structural basis for the interaction between the cytoplasmic domain of the hyaluronate receptor layilin and the talin F3 subdomain. J Mol Biol. 382(1):112-26.
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    • Human Layilin / LAYN ELISA standard curve