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Mouse ENPP2 transcript variant 2 Gene cDNA Clone (full-length ORF Clone)

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ENPP2cDNA Clone Product Information
cDNA Size:2589
cDNA Description:ORF Clone of Mus musculus ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase 2, transcript variant 2 DNA.
Gene Synonym:ATX, Npps2, Pdnp2, PD-Ialpha, Enpp2
Vector:pGEM-T Vector
Restriction Site:
Tag Sequence:
Sequence Description:Identical with the Gene Bank Ref. ID sequence.
Shipping_carrier:Each tube contains approximately 10 μg of lyophilized plasmid.
Storage:The lyophilized plasmid can be stored at ambient temperature for three months.
pGEM-T Vector Information

The pGEM-T is 3kb in length, and contains the amplicin resistance gene, conferring selection of the plasmid in E. coli, and the ori site which is the bacterial origin of replication. The plasmid has multiple cloning sites as shown below. The coding sequence was inserted by TA cloning. Many E. coli strains are suitable for the propagation of this vector including JM109, DH5α and TOP10.

pGEM-T Simple Usage Suggestion:

The coding sequence can be easily obtained by digesting the vector with proper restriction enzyme(s). The coding sequence can also be amplified by PCR with M13 primers, or primer pair SP6 and T7.

Vector Sequence Download
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ENPP2 (Ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase family member 2), also referred as Autotaxin, is a secreted enzyme encoded by the ENPP2 gene. This gene product stimulates the motility of tumor cells, has angiogenic properties, and its expression is upregulated in several kinds of carcinomas. The Autotaxin protein is important for generating the lipid signaling molecule lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), which is a potent mitogen, which facilitates cell proliferation and migration, neurite retraction, platelet aggregation, smooth muscle contraction, actin stress formation and cytokine and chemokine secretion. ATX has been found to catalyze the formation of cyclic phosphatidic acid (cPA), which have antitumor role by antimitogenic regulation of cell cycle, inhibition of cancer invasion and metastasis. LPA receptors and ATX are upregulated in numerous cancer cell types and show expression patterns that correlate with tumor cell invasiveness. Thus, Autotaxin has recently emerged as an attractive target for the development of anti-cancer chemotherapeutics. In addition, Serum ATX activity was found to be enhanced in relation to hepatic fibrosis in chronic liver disease due to hepatitis virus C infection.

  • Tania M, et al. (2010) Autotaxin: a protein with two faces. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 401(4): 493-7.
  • Ikeda H, et al. (2009) Significance of serum autotaxin activity in gastrointestinal disease. Rinsho Byori. 57(5): 445-9.
  • Parrill AL, et al. (2008) Autotaxin inhibition: challenges and progress toward novel anti-cancer agents. Anticancer Agents Med Chem. 8(8): 917-23.
  • Pradere J.P, et al. (2007) Secretion and lysophospholipase D activity of autotaxin by adipocytes are controlled by N-glycosylation and signal peptidase. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1771: 93-102.
  • Boucher J, et al. (2005) Potential involvement of adipocyte insulin resistance in obesity-associated up-regulation of adipocyte lysophospholipase D/autotaxin expression. Diabetologia. 48: 569-77.
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