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Human ENPP2 Gene cDNA clone plasmid

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Human ENPP2 cDNA Clone Product Information
Gene_bank_ref_id:BC034961.2
RefSeq ORF Size:2592bp
cDNA Description:Full length Clone DNA of Homo sapiens ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase 2.
Gene Synonym:ATX, NPP2, ATX-X, PDNP2, LysoPLD, FLJ26803, AUTOTAXIN, PD-IALPHA, ENPP2
Species:Human
Vector:pMD18-T Simple Vector
Plasmid:pMD-ENPP2
Restriction Site:
Tag Sequence:
Sequence Description:Identical with the Gene Bank Ref. ID sequence except for the point mutation: 2333C/T resulting in the amino acid 778Ser substitution by Leu.
Sequencing primers:M13-47 and RV-M
Promoter:
Application:
Antibiotic in E.coli:
Antibiotic in mammalian cell:
Shipping_carrier:Each tube contains lyophilized plasmid.
Storage:The lyophilized plasmid can be stored at room temperature for three months.
pMD18-T Simple Vector Information

pMD18-T Simple Vector is a high-efficiency TA cloning vector constructed from pUC18, of which the initial multiple cloning sites (MCS) were destroyed. Thus the cDNA should be amplified by PCR with primers containing a restriction site for subclone. Competent cells appropriate for pUC18 are also appropriated for the Vector, e.g. JM109, DH5α, TOP10. The pMD18-T Simple Vector is 2.6kb in size. Selection of the plasmid in E. coli is conferred by the ampicillin resistance gene. The coding sequence was inserted by TA cloning at site 425.

pMD18-T Simple Usage Suggestion

The coding sequence can be amplified by PCR with M13-47 and RV-M primers.

Vector Sequence Download
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Background

ENPP2 (Ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase family member 2), also referred as Autotaxin, is a secreted enzyme encoded by the ENPP2 gene. This gene product stimulates the motility of tumor cells, has angiogenic properties, and its expression is upregulated in several kinds of carcinomas. The Autotaxin protein is important for generating the lipid signaling molecule lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), which is a potent mitogen, which facilitates cell proliferation and migration, neurite retraction, platelet aggregation, smooth muscle contraction, actin stress formation and cytokine and chemokine secretion. ATX has been found to catalyze the formation of cyclic phosphatidic acid (cPA), which have antitumor role by antimitogenic regulation of cell cycle, inhibition of cancer invasion and metastasis. LPA receptors and ATX are upregulated in numerous cancer cell types and show expression patterns that correlate with tumor cell invasiveness. Thus, Autotaxin has recently emerged as an attractive target for the development of anti-cancer chemotherapeutics. In addition, Serum ATX activity was found to be enhanced in relation to hepatic fibrosis in chronic liver disease due to hepatitis virus C infection.

References
  • Tania M, et al. (2010) Autotaxin: a protein with two faces. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 401(4): 493-7.
  • Ikeda H, et al. (2009) Significance of serum autotaxin activity in gastrointestinal disease. Rinsho Byori. 57(5): 445-9.
  • Parrill AL, et al. (2008) Autotaxin inhibition: challenges and progress toward novel anti-cancer agents. Anticancer Agents Med Chem. 8(8): 917-23.
  • Pradere J.P, et al. (2007) Secretion and lysophospholipase D activity of autotaxin by adipocytes are controlled by N-glycosylation and signal peptidase. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1771: 93-102.
  • Boucher J, et al. (2005) Potential involvement of adipocyte insulin resistance in obesity-associated up-regulation of adipocyte lysophospholipase D/autotaxin expression. Diabetologia. 48: 569-77.
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    Catalog: HG11308-M
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