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Human AHSG cDNA Clone Product Information
NCBI RefSeq:
RefSeq ORF Size:
cDNA Description:
Gene Synonym:
Species:
Vector:
Plasmid:
Restriction Site:
Tag Sequence:
Sequence Description:
Sequencing primers:
Promoter:
Application:
Antibiotic in E.coli:
Antibiotic in mammalian cell:
Shipping_carrier:
Storage:
pCMV/hygro Vector Information
 
Vector Name pCMV/hygro
Vector Size 5657bp
Vector Type Mammalian Expression Vector
Expression Method Constiutive ,Stable / Transient
Promoter CMV
Antibiotic Resistance Ampicillin
Selection In Mammalian Cells Hygromycin
Protein Tag None
Sequencing Primer Forward:T7(TAATACGACTCACTATAGGG)
Reverse:BGH(TAGAAGGCACAGTCGAGG)


Schematic of pCMV/hygro Multiple Cloning Sites
Product nameProduct name
Background

Fetuin-A, also known as Alpha-2-HS-Glycoprotein (AHSG), belongs to the Fetuin family, is a plasma binding protein, and is more abundant in fetal than adult blood. It is involved in several functions, such as endocytosis, brain development and the formation of bone tissue. Fetuins are carrier proteins like albumin. Fetuin-A forms soluble complexes with calcium and phosphate and thus is a carrier of otherwise insoluble calcium phosphate. Thus Fetuin-A is a potent inhibitor of pathological calcification. The circulating levels of fetuin-A, a well-described inhibitor of calcification, regulate the cell-dependent process of osteogenesis. The low circulating fetuin-A levels are associated with a greater prevalence and/or severity of Vascular calcification (VC) and increased risk for all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. However, high circulating fetuin-A levels appear to induce insulin resistance and, in non-dialyzed subjects with diabetic nephropathy, are directly related to VC burden. The emerging role of fetuin-A deficiency as a risk factor in dialysis patients was documented in cross-sectional studies demonstrating a significant correlation with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. Additionally, Human fetuin-A is a negative acute phase protein involved in inflammatory diseases, thus being a potential physiological regulator of meprin activity. Fetuin-A is a broad-range protease inhibitor. Fetuin-A and cystatin C as endogenous proteolytic regulators of meprin activity broadens our understanding of the proteolytic network in plasma.

References
  • Mehrotra R. (2007) Emerging role for fetuin-A as contributor to morbidity and mortality in chronic kidney disease. Kidney Int. 72(2): 137-40.
  • Westenfeld R, et al. (2007) Vascular calcification and fetuin-A deficiency in chronic kidney disease. Trends Cardiovasc Med. 17(4): 124-8.
  • Heiss A, et al. (2008). Hierarchical role of fetuin-A and acidic serum proteins in the formation and stabilization of calcium phosphate particles. J Biol Chem. 283 (21): 14815-25.
  • Jahnen-Dechent W, et al. (2008). Mineral chaperones: a role for fetuin-A and osteopontin in the inhibition and regression of pathologic calcification. J Mol Med. 86 (4): 379-89.
  • Hedrich J, et al. (2010) Fetuin-A and cystatin C are endogenous inhibitors of human meprin metalloproteases. Biochemistry. 49(39): 8599-607.
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