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DatasheetSpecific ReferencesReviewsRelated ProductsProtocols
Mouse GPT cDNA Clone Product Information
Gene_bank_ref_id:
RefSeq ORF Size:
cDNA Description:
Gene Synonym:
Species:
Vector:
Plasmid:
Restriction Site:
Tag Sequence:
Sequence Description:
Sequencing primers:
Promoter:
Application:
Antibiotic in E.coli:
Antibiotic in mammalian cell:
Shipping_carrier:
Storage:
pGEM-T Vector Information

The pGEM-T is 3kb in length, and contains the amplicin resistance gene, conferring selection of the plasmid in E. coli, and the ori site which is the bacterial origin of replication. The plasmid has multiple cloning sites as shown below. The coding sequence was inserted by TA cloning. Many E. coli strains are suitable for the propagation of this vector including JM109, DH5α and TOP10.

pGEM-T Simple Usage Suggestion:

The coding sequence can be easily obtained by digesting the vector with proper restriction enzyme(s). The coding sequence can also be amplified by PCR with M13 primers, or primer pair SP6 and T7.

Vector Sequence Download
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Background

Alanine aminotransferase (ALT), also known as glutamate pyruvate transaminase (GPT), is a pyridoxal enzyme which belongs to the class-I pyridoxal-phosphate-dependent aminotransferase family, Alanine aminotransferase subfamily. Gpt / Gpt1 / ALT catalyses the reversible interconversion of L-alanine and 2-oxoglutalate to pyruvate and L-glutamate, and plays a key role in the intermediary metabolism of glucose and amino acids. Gpt / Gpt1 / ALT is expressed in Liver, kidney, heart, and skeletal muscles and it expresses at moderate levels in the adipose tissue. As a key enzyme for gluconeogenesis, Gpt is a widely-used serum marker for liver injury. Two ALT isoenzymes have been identified, ALT1 and ALT2 (GPT1 and GPT2), which are encoded by separate genes and share significant sequence homology, but differ in their expression patterns. GPT1/GPT is widely distributed and mainly expressed in intestine, liver, fat tissues, colon, muscle, and heart, in the order of high to low expression level. Serum activity levels of this enzyme are routinely used as a biomarker of liver injury caused by drug toxicity, infection, alcohol, and steatosis.

References
  • Bergmeyer HU, et al. (1978) Optimization of methods for aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase. Clin Chem. 24(1): 58-73.
  • King MC, et al. (1980) Allele increasing susceptibility to human breast cancer may be linked to the glutamate-pyruvate transaminase locus. Science. 208(4442): 406-8.
  • Prati D, et al. (2002) Updated definitions of healthy ranges for serum alanine aminotransferase levels. Ann Intern Med. 137(1): 1-10.
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