|Human Cell lysate that Cynomolgus NKp80 / KLRF1 transfected / overexpressed for Western blot (WB) positive control. The whole cell lysate is provided in 1X Sample Buffer (1X modified RIPA buffer+1X SDS loading buffer).|
|A DNA sequence encoding the cynomolgus KLRF1(Q8MI05) (Val66-Tyr231) was expressed with the Fc region of human IgG1 at the C-terminus.|
|The recombinant cynomolgus KLRF1 comprises 426 amino acids and has a calculated molecular mass of 47.8 KDa.The apparent molecular mass of the protein is approximately 59 KDa respectively in SDS-PAGE.|
|Cell lysate was prepared by homogenization in ice-cold modified RIPA Lysis Buffer with cocktail of protease inhibitors (Sigma). Cell debris was removed by centrifugation. Protein concentration was determined by Bradford assay (Bio-Rad protein assay, Microplate Standard assay). The cell lysate was boiled for 5 min in 1 x SDS loading buffer (50 mM Tris-HCl pH 6.8, 12.5% glycerol, 1% sodium dodecylsulfate, 0.01% bromophenol blue) containing 5% b-mercaptoethanol, and lyophilized.|
|Modified RIPA Lysis Buffer: 50 mM Tris-HCl pH 7.4, 150 mM NaCl, 1mM EDTA, 1% Triton X-100, 0.1% SDS, 1% Sodium deoxycholate, 1mM PMSF.|
|12.5% SDS-PAGE Stained with Coomassie Blue after protein purification.|
|Samples are stable for up to twelve months from date of receipt.|
|1. Centrifuge the tube for a few seconds and ensure the pellet at the bottom of the tube. 2. Re-dissolve the pellet using 200μL pure water and boil for 2-5 min. 3. Store the lyophilized cell lysate at 4℃. After re-dissolution, recommend to aliquot it into smaller quantities and store at -80℃.|
|1 X Sample Buffer (1 X modified RIPA buffer+1 X SDS loading buffer).|
|Store at 4℃. After re-dissolution, aliquot and store at -80℃.|
|Western blot (WB): Use at an assay dependent dilution.|
Other Applications: Not tested.
Optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
NKp80, also known as KLRF1, is an activating homodimeric C-type lectin-like receptor which is expressed on nearly all natural killer cells and stimulates their cytoxicity and cytokine release. NKp80 stimulates cytotoxicity upon engagement of its genetically linked ligand: myeloid-specific CTLR activation-induced C-type lectin (AICL). NKp80, but not NKp80 mutated at tyrosine 7 (NKp80/Y7F), is tyrosine phosphorylated. Accordingly, NKp80/Y7F, but not NKp80/Y30F or NKp80/Y37F, failed to induce cytotoxicity. NKp80 phosphopeptides comprising the hemi-ITAM-like sequence surrounding tyrosine 7 bound Lck- and Syk-family kinases; accordingly, cross-linking of NKp80, but not NKp80/Y7F, induced Syk phosphorylation. Moreover, inhibition of Syk kinase, but not ZAP-70 kinase, impaired cytotoxic responses through NKp80. Atypical residues in the hemi-ITAM-like motif of NKp80 cause an altered stoichiometry of phosphorylation but did not substantially affect NK cytotoxicity. Altogether, these results show that NKp80 uses an atypical hemi-ITAM and Syk kinase to trigger cellular cytotoxicity.