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Mouse PHGDH cDNA Clone Product Information
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RefSeq ORF Size:
cDNA Description:
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Antibiotic in E.coli:
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pGEM-T Vector Information

The pGEM-T is 3kb in length, and contains the amplicin resistance gene, conferring selection of the plasmid in E. coli, and the ori site which is the bacterial origin of replication. The plasmid has multiple cloning sites as shown below. The coding sequence was inserted by TA cloning. Many E. coli strains are suitable for the propagation of this vector including JM109, DH5α and TOP10.

pGEM-T Simple Usage Suggestion:

The coding sequence can be easily obtained by digesting the vector with proper restriction enzyme(s). The coding sequence can also be amplified by PCR with M13 primers, or primer pair SP6 and T7.

Vector Sequence Download
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Background

PHGDH is a member of the D-isomer specific 2-hydroxyacid dehydrogenase family. This new family consists of D-isomer-stereospecific enzymes. The conserved residues in this family appear to be the residues involved in the substrate binding and the catalytic reaction, and thus to be targets for site-directed mutagenesis. A number of NAD-dependent 2-hydroxyacid dehydrogenases which seem to be specific for the D-isomer of their substrate have been shown to be functionally and structurally related. PHGDH catalyzes the transition of 3-phosphoglycerate into 3-phosphohydroxypyruvate, which is the first and rate-limiting step in the phosphorylated pathway of serine biosynthesis, using NAD+/NADH as a cofactor. Overexpression of PHGDH may cause certain breast cancers. Defects in PHGDH are the cause of phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase deficiency which is characterized by congenital microcephaly, psychomotor retardation, and seizures.

References
  • Pind S, et al. (2002) V490M, a common mutation in 3-phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase deficiency, causes enzyme deficiency by decreasing the yield of mature enzyme. J Biol Chem. 277 (9): 7136-43.
  • Du H, et al. (2010) 3-Phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase expression is regulated by HOXA10 in murine endometrium and human endometrial cells. Reproduction. 139 (1): 237-45.
  • Possemato R, et al. (2011) Functional genomics reveal that the serine synthesis pathway is essential in breast cancer. Nature. 476 (7360): 346-50.
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