|Datasheet||Specific References||Reviews||Related Products||Protocols|
|B7-H4, B7S1, B7x, VTCN1|
|A DNA sequence encoding the rat Vtcn1 (NP_001019415.1) (Phe29-Ser256) was expressed with a polyhistidine tag at the C-terminus.|
|In general, recombinant proteins are provided as lyophilized powder which are shipped at ambient temperature.|
Bulk packages of recombinant proteins are provided as frozen liquid. They are shipped out with blue ice unless customers require otherwise.
|> 95 % as determined by SDS-PAGE.|
|<1.0 EU per μg protein as determined by the LAL method.|
|Samples are stable for up to twelve months from date of receipt at -70℃|
|The recombinant rat Vtcn1 consists 239 amino acids and predicts a molecular mass of 26.6 kDa.|
|Lyophilized from sterile PBS, pH 7.4.|
1. Normally 5 % - 8 % trehalose and mannitol are added as protectants before lyophilization. Specific concentrations are included in the hardcopy of COA.
2. Please contact us for any concerns or special requirements.
|Store it under sterile conditions at -20℃ to -80℃. It is recommended that the protein be aliquoted for optimal storage. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.|
|A hardcopy of COA with reconstitution instruction is sent along with the products. Please refer to it for detailed information.|
V-set domain-containing T-cell activation inhibitor 1, also known as B7X, B7H4, B7S1, and VTCN1, is a single-pass type? membrane protein belonging to the B7 family of costimulatory proteins. These proteins are expressed on the surface of antigen-presenting cells and interact with ligands on T lymphocytes. They provide costimulatory signals that regulate T cell responses. A soluble form of B7H4 has also been detected. B7X / VTCN1 / B7H4 negatively regulates T-cell-mediated immune response by inhibiting T-cell activation, proliferation, cytokine production and development of cytotoxicity. When expressed on the cell surface of tumor macrophages, B7X / VTCN1 / B7H4 plays an important role, together with regulatory T-cells(Treg), in the suppression of tumor-associated antigen-specific T-cell immunity. B7X / VTCN1 / B7H4 is also involved in promoting epithelial cell transformation. This membrane protein can be up-regulated by IL6 / interleukin-6 and IL10 / interleukin-10 and inhibited by CSF2 / GM-CSF and IL4 / interleukin-4 on antigen-presenting cells.