|Datasheet||Specific References||Reviews||Related Products||Protocols|
|Human Cells transfected lysate in which Mouse S100A4 has been over-expressed. The whole cell lysate is provided in 1X Sample Buffer (1X modified RIPA buffer+1X SDS sample buffer).|
|Cell lysate was prepared by homogenization in ice-cold modified RIPA Lysis Buffer with cocktail of protease inhibitors (Sigma). Cell debris was removed by centrifugation. Protein concentration was determined with Bradford assay (Bio-Rad protein assay, Microplate Standard assay). The cell lysate was boiled for 5 minutes in 1 x SDS sample buffer (50 mM Tris-HCl pH 6.8, 12.5% glycerol, 1% sodium dodecylsulfate, 0.01% bromophenol blue) containing 5% b-mercaptoethanol, and lyophilized.|
|Modified RIPA Lysis Buffer: 50 mM Tris-HCl pH 7.4, 150 mM NaCl, 1mM EDTA, 1% Triton X-100, 0.1% SDS, 1% Sodium deoxycholate, 1mM PMSF|
|12.5% SDS-PAGE Stained with Coomassie Blue|
|Samples are stable for up to twelve months from date of receipt at -80℃|
|1. Centrifuge the tube for a few seconds and ensure the pellet at the bottom of the tube. 2. Re-dissolve the pellet using 200μL pure water and boiled for 2-5 min. 3. Store it at -80℃. Recommend to aliquot the cell lysate into smaller quantities for optimal storage. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles. Notes：The lysate is ready to load on SDS-PAGE for Western blot application. If dissociating conditions are required, add reducing agent prior to heating.|
|In modified RIPA Lysis Buffer|
|Store at -80℃. Aliquot to avoid repeated freezing and thawing|
|WB: Use at an assay dependent dilution.|
Not yet tested in other applications.
Optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
S100A4, also known as metastasis-associated protein Mtsl, belongs to the family of small calcium-binding S100 proteins containing two EF-hand calcium-binding motifs. In humans at least 20 S100 family members that are distributed tissue specifically have been identified, and are involved in a number of cellular processes as transducers of calcium signal. S100A4 is a symmetric homodimer, and undergoes a relatively large conformational change upon the typical EF-hand binding calcium, which is necessary for S100A4 to interact with its protein targets and generate biological effects. It can bind the already known targets p53, F-actin, liprin β, myosin heavy chain II, and prevent their phosphorylation and multimerization. It has been demonstrated that S100A4 is directly involved in tumor metastasis including cell motility, invasion, apoptosis, angiogenesis and differentiation, and appears to be a metastasis factor and a molecular marker for clinical prognosis. Multiple alternatively spliced variants encoding the same protein have been identified.