|Datasheet||Specific References||Reviews||Related Products||Protocols|
|Human Cell lysate that Rat SPN / CD43 / Sialophorin transfected / overexpressed for Western blot (WB) positive control. The whole cell lysate is provided in 1X Sample Buffer (1X modified RIPA buffer+1X SDS loading buffer).|
|A DNA sequence encoding the rat SPN (NP_001258015.1)(Met1-Gly243) was expressed with the Fc region of human IgG1 at the C-terminus.|
|The recombinant rat SPN/Fc is a disulfide-linked homodimer. The reduced monomer comprises 465 amino acids and has a predicted molecular mass of 49.3 kDa. The apparent molecular mass of the protein is approximately 95, 57 and 50 kDa in SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions due to glycosylation.|
|Cell lysate was prepared by homogenization in ice-cold modified RIPA Lysis Buffer with cocktail of protease inhibitors (Sigma). Cell debris was removed by centrifugation. Protein concentration was determined by Bradford assay (Bio-Rad protein assay, Microplate Standard assay). The cell lysate was boiled for 5 min in 1 x SDS loading buffer (50 mM Tris-HCl pH 6.8, 12.5% glycerol, 1% sodium dodecylsulfate, 0.01% bromophenol blue) containing 5% b-mercaptoethanol, and lyophilized.|
|Modified RIPA Lysis Buffer: 50 mM Tris-HCl pH 7.4, 150 mM NaCl, 1mM EDTA, 1% Triton X-100, 0.1% SDS, 1% Sodium deoxycholate, 1mM PMSF.|
|12.5% SDS-PAGE Stained with Coomassie Blue after protein purification.|
|Samples are stable for up to twelve months from date of receipt.|
|1. Centrifuge the tube for a few seconds and ensure the pellet at the bottom of the tube. 2. Re-dissolve the pellet using 200μL pure water and boil for 2-5 min. 3. Store the lyophilized cell lysate at 4℃. After re-dissolution, recommend to aliquot it into smaller quantities and store at -80℃.|
|1 X Sample Buffer (1 X modified RIPA buffer+1 X SDS loading buffer).|
|Store at 4℃. After re-dissolution, aliquot and store at -80℃.|
|Western blot (WB): Use at an assay dependent dilution.|
Other Applications: Not tested.
Optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
CD43 is an abundantly expressed molecule on the T-cell surface that shows distinct localization to the migrating T-cell uropod and the distal pole complex (DPC) opposite the immunological synapse via association with the ezrin-radixin-moesin (ERM) family of actin regulatory proteins. CD43 has a 235-amino acid (aa) extracellular domain, a 23-aa transmembrane domain, and a 123-aa cytoplasmic domain, all encoded by a single exon. The intracytoplasmic region of the protein is necessary to transduce signals; it is rich in potentially phosphorylable threonines and serines but lacks tyrosine residues as well as catalytic activity. CD43 engagement on human peripheral blood T cells and monocytes leads to cell activation and proliferation through the generation of second messengers such as diacylglycerol and inositol phosphates, protein kinase C (PKC) activation and Ca2+ mobilization. In addition, CD43 ligation on human T cells induces the association of CD43 with Src family kinases, presumably through the interaction of their Src homology 3 domain with a proline-rich region of the CD43 intracytoplasmic tail. This molecule has been implicated in T cell activation, enhancing T cell response to allogeneic or mitogenic stimulation and CD43-specific signals have been reported to be sufficient to activate T cells in the absence of T cell receptor (TCR) engagement. In summary, CD43 regulates multiple T-cell functions, including T-cell activation, proliferation, apoptosis, and migration.