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Human tPAβ DNA transcript variant 1 ORF mammalian expression plasmid, C-His tag

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Human PLAT cDNA Clone Product Information
Gene_bank_ref_id:NM_000930.3
RefSeq ORF Size:1689bp
cDNA Description:Full length Clone DNA of Homo sapiens plasminogen activator, tissue (PLAT), transcript variant 1 with C terminal His tag.
Gene Synonym:PLAT, TPA, T-PA, DKFZp686I03148
Species:Human
Vector:pCMV3-C-His
Plasmid:
Restriction Site:
Tag Sequence:His Tag Sequence: CACCATCACCACCATCATCACCACCATCAC
Sequence Description:
Sequencing primers:T7(TAATACGACTCACTATAGGG) BGH(TAGAAGGCACAGTCGAGG)
Promoter:Enhanced CMV mammalian cell promoter
Application:Stable or Transient mammalian expression
Antibiotic in E.coli:Kanamycin
Antibiotic in mammalian cell:Hygromycin
Shipping_carrier:Each tube contains lyophilized plasmid.
Storage:The lyophilized plasmid can be stored at room temperature for three months.
His Tag Info

A polyhistidine-tag is an amino acid motif in proteins that consists of at least five histidine (His) residues, often at the N- or C-terminus of the protein.

Polyhistidine-tags are often used for affinity purification of polyhistidine-tagged recombinant proteins expressed in Escherichia coli and other prokarfyotic expression systems.

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Background

Tissue plasminogen activator (abbreviated tPA or PLAT), is traditionally viewed as a simple serine protease whose main function is to convert plasminogen into biologically active plasmin. As a protease, tPA plays a crucial role in regulating blood fibrinolysis, in maintaining the homeostasis of extracellular matrix and in modulating the post-translational activation of growth factors. tPA is synthesized and secreted as a single chain polypeptide precursor which is cleaved in turn by plasmin. Proteolytic cleavage at the C-terminal side of Arg275 generates the enzyme composed of two subunits, designated as α and β chains which are held together by a single disulfide bond. Unlike the other members of the chymotrypsin family, tPA has one particular distinction in that the catalytic efficiency of the single-chain enzyme is only slightly lower than that of the proteolytically cleaved form and is therefore not a true zymogen. tPA is found not only in the blood, where its primary function is as a thrombolytic enzyme, but also in the central nervous system (CNS). It participats in a number of physiological and pathological events in the CNS, as well as the role of neuroserpin as the natural regulator of tPA's activity in these processes. Increased or decreased activity of tPA leads to hyperfibrinolysis or hypofibrinolysis, respectively. In addition, as a cytokine, tPA plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of renal interstitial fibrosis through diverse mechanisms. Thus, as a fibrogenic cytokine, it promotes the progression of kidney diseases.

References
  • Yepes M, et al. (2004) New functions for an old enzyme: nonhemostatic roles for tissue-type plasminogen activator in the central nervous system. Exp Biol Med (Maywood). 229(11): 1097-104.
  • Samson AL, et al. (2006) Tissue-type plasminogen activator: a multifaceted modulator of neurotransmission and synaptic plasticity. Neuron. 50(5): 673-8.
  • Skrzypiec AE, et al. (2008) Tissue plasminogen activator in the amygdala: a new role for an old protease. J Physiol Pharmacol. 59 Suppl 8: 135-46.
  • Hu K, et al. (2008) Novel actions of tissue-type plasminogen activator in chronic kidney disease. Front Biosci. 13: 5174-86.
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    Catalog: HG10157-CH
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