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|Baculovirus-Insect Cell lysate that Mouse ESM1 / Endocan transfected / overexpressed for Western blot (WB) positive control. The whole cell lysate is provided in 1X Sample Buffer (1X modified RIPA buffer+1X SDS loading buffer).|
|A DNA sequence encoding the mouse TLR2 (Q9QYY7) (Met1-Arg184) was fused with a polyhistidine tag at the C-terminus.|
|The recombinant mouse ESM1 consists of 173 amino acids and has a calculated molecular mass of 19.1 kDa. The recombinant protein migrates as an approximately 23 kDa band in SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions.|
|Cell lysate was prepared by homogenization in ice-cold modified RIPA Lysis Buffer with cocktail of protease inhibitors (Sigma). Cell debris was removed by centrifugation. Protein concentration was determined by Bradford assay (Bio-Rad protein assay, Microplate Standard assay). The cell lysate was boiled for 5 min in 1 x SDS loading buffer (50 mM Tris-HCl pH 6.8, 12.5% glycerol, 1% sodium dodecylsulfate, 0.01% bromophenol blue) containing 5% b-mercaptoethanol, and lyophilized.|
|Modified RIPA Lysis Buffer: 50 mM Tris-HCl pH 7.4, 150 mM NaCl, 1mM EDTA, 1% Triton X-100, 0.1% SDS, 1% Sodium deoxycholate, 1mM PMSF.|
|12.5% SDS-PAGE Stained with Coomassie Blue after protein purification.|
|Samples are stable for up to twelve months from date of receipt.|
|1. Centrifuge the tube for a few seconds and ensure the pellet at the bottom of the tube. 2. Re-dissolve the pellet using 200μL pure water and boil for 2-5 min. 3. Store the lyophilized cell lysate at 4℃. After re-dissolution, recommend to aliquot it into smaller quantities and store at -80℃.|
|1 X Sample Buffer (1 X modified RIPA buffer+1 X SDS loading buffer).|
|Store at 4℃. After re-dissolution, aliquot and store at -80℃.|
|Western blot (WB): Use at an assay dependent dilution.|
Other Applications: Not tested.
Optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
ESM1 is a secreted protein which is produced by adipocytes. It has been noticed that ESM1 may play some role in obesity-associated vascular disease since circulating ESM-1 levels are reduced in the overweight and obese. ESM1 is mainly expressed in the endothelial cells in human lung and kidney tissues. The expression of ESM1 gene is regulated by cytokines, suggesting that it may play a role in endothelium-dependent pathological disorders. Recently, ESM1 has been described as a specific biomarker of tip cells during neoangiogenesis. Its expression has been shown to be increase in presence of pro-angiogenic growth factors such as VEGF or FGF-2. In hypervascularized cancers, overexpression of endocan has been detected by immunohistochemistry using monoclonal antibodies against ESM1.