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Mouse TIM4 / TIMD4 HEK293 Cell Lysate (WB positive control)

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Mouse TIMD4/TIM4 Transfected / Overexpression Cell Lysate Product Information
Expressed Host:Human Cells
Product Description:Human Cell lysate that Mouse TIMD4 / TIM4 transfected / overexpressed for Western blot (WB) positive control. The whole cell lysate is provided in 1X Sample Buffer (1X modified RIPA buffer+1X SDS loading buffer).
Sequence information:A DNA sequence encoding the extracellular domain of mouse TIMD4 (NP_848874.3) precursor (Met 1-Thr 279) was expressed, with a C-terminal polyhistidine tag.
Predicted N Terminal:Ala 23
Molecule Mass:The secreted recombinant mouse TIMD4 comprises 268 amino acids with a predicted molecular mass of 29.3 kDa. As a result of diiferent glycosylation, the apparent molecular mass of rm TIMD4 is approximately 60-70 kDa in SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions.
Mouse TIMD4/TIM4 Transfected / Overexpression Cell Lysate Usage Guide
Preparation Method:Cell lysate was prepared by homogenization in ice-cold modified RIPA Lysis Buffer with cocktail of protease inhibitors (Sigma). Cell debris was removed by centrifugation. Protein concentration was determined by Bradford assay (Bio-Rad protein assay, Microplate Standard assay). The cell lysate was boiled for 5 min in 1 x SDS loading buffer (50 mM Tris-HCl pH 6.8, 12.5% glycerol, 1% sodium dodecylsulfate, 0.01% bromophenol blue) containing 5% b-mercaptoethanol, and lyophilized.
Lysis Buffer:Modified RIPA Lysis Buffer: 50 mM Tris-HCl pH 7.4, 150 mM NaCl, 1mM EDTA, 1% Triton X-100, 0.1% SDS, 1% Sodium deoxycholate, 1mM PMSF.
Quality Control Testing:12.5% SDS-PAGE Stained with Coomassie Blue after protein purification.
Stability:Samples are stable for up to twelve months from date of receipt.
Recommend Usage:1.  Centrifuge the tube for a few seconds and ensure the pellet at the bottom of the tube. 2.  Re-dissolve the pellet using 200μL pure water and boil for 2-5 min. 3. Store the lyophilized cell lysate at 4℃. After re-dissolution, recommend to aliquot it into smaller quantities and store at -80℃.
Storage Buffer:1 X Sample Buffer (1 X modified RIPA buffer+1 X SDS loading buffer).
Storage Instruction:Store at 4℃. After re-dissolution, aliquot and store at -80℃.
Application notes:Western blot (WB): Use at an assay dependent dilution.
Other Applications: Not tested.
Optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
TIMD4 Background

A type I transmembrane protein called TIM4 (T-cell immunoglobulin- and mucin-domain-containing molecule; also known as TIMD4), which belongs to the immunoglobulin superfamily and TIM family. TIM4 is involved in regulating T-cell proliferation and lymphotoxin signaling. It is a ligand for HAVCR1/TIMD1. Recent reports indicate that dendritic cell (DC)-derived T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain molecule (TIM)-4, which is expressed on dendritic cells and macrophages, plays an important role in the initiation of T(H)2 polarization. TIM4 bound apoptotic cells by recognizing phosphatidylserine via its immunoglobulin domain. The expression of TIM4 in fibroblasts enhanced their ability to engulf apoptotic cells. TIM4 is phosphatidylserine receptor for the engulfment of apoptotic cells, and may also be involved in intercellular signalling in which exosomes are involved. Modulation of TIM4 production in dendritic cells (DCs) represents a novel therapeutic approach for the treatment of peanut allergy. The interaction of TIM1/TIM4 played a critical role in sustaining the polarization status of Th2 cells in allergic rhinitis (AR) patients. Cross-linking FcgammaRI by antigen/IgG complexes increased the production of TIM4 by dendritic cells via upregulating tumor necrosis factor-alpha in DCs. Specific immunotherapy (SIT) suppresses the skewed Th2 responses via disrupting the interaction of TIM1/TIM4 in antigen-specific Th2 cells.

Mouse TIMD4 References
  • Miyanishi M, et al. (2007) Identification of Tim4 as a phosphatidylserine receptor. Nature. 450(7168): 435-9.
  • Feng BS, et al. (2008) Disruption of T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain molecule (TIM)-1/TIM4 interaction as a therapeutic strategy in a dendritic cell-induced peanut allergy model. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 122(1): 55-61.
  • Cai PC, et al. (2009) Association of TIM4 promoter polymorphism -1419GA with childhood asthma in a Chinese Han population. Tissue Antigens. 74(1): 11-6.
  • Zhao CQ, et al. (2010) Specific immunotherapy suppresses Th2 responses via modulating TIM1/TIM4 interaction on dendritic cells. Allergy. 65(8): 986-95.
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    Catalog: 50388-M08HL-300
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