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Human AK4 / AK3L1 ORF mammalian expression plasmid, C-Flag tag

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Human AK4 cDNA Clone Product Information
Gene_bank_ref_id:BC016180
RefSeq ORF Size:672bp
cDNA Description:Full length Clone DNA of Homo sapiens adenylate kinase 4 with C terminal Flag tag.
Gene Synonym:AK3, AK3L1, AK3L2
Species:Human
Vector:pCMV3-C-FLAG
Plasmid:
Restriction Site:
Tag Sequence:FLAG Tag Sequence: GATTACAAGGATGACGACGATAAG
Sequence Description:
Sequencing primers:T7(TAATACGACTCACTATAGGG) BGH(TAGAAGGCACAGTCGAGG)
Promoter:Enhanced CMV mammalian cell promoter
Application:Stable or Transient mammalian expression
Antibiotic in E.coli:Kanamycin
Antibiotic in mammalian cell:Hygromycin
Shipping_carrier:Each tube contains lyophilized plasmid.
Storage:The lyophilized plasmid can be stored at room temperature for three months.
FLAG Tag Info

FLAG-tag, or FLAG octapeptide, is a polypeptide protein tag that can be added to a protein using recombinant DNA technology. It can be used for affinity chromatography, then used to separate recombinant, overexpressed protein from wild-type protein expressed by the host organism. It can also be used in the isolation of protein complexes with multiple subunits.

A FLAG-tag can be used in many different assays that require recognition by an antibody. If there is no antibody against the studied protein, adding a FLAG-tag to this protein allows one to follow the protein with an antibody against the FLAG sequence. Examples are cellular localization studies by immunofluorescence or detection by SDS PAGE protein electrophoresis.

The peptide sequence of the FLAG-tag from the N-terminus to the C-terminus is: DYKDDDDK (1012 Da). It can be used in conjunction with other affinity tags, for example a polyhistidine tag (His-tag), HA-tag or Myc-tag. It can be fused to the C-terminus or the N-terminus of a protein. Some commercially available antibodies (e.g., M1/4E11) recognize the epitope only when it is present at the N-terminus. However, other available antibodies (e.g., M2) are position-insensitive.

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Background

Adenylate kinase isoenzyme 4, mitochondrial, also known as ATP-AMP transphosphorylase, Adenylate kinase 3-like, AK4 and AK3L1, is a member the adenylate kinase family. AK4 / AK3L1 is localized to the mitochondrial matrix. Adenylate kinases regulate the adenine and guanine nucleotide compositions within a cell by catalyzing the reversible transfer of phosphate group among these nucleotides. Five isozymes of adenylate kinase have been identified in vertebrates. Expression of these isozymes is tissue-specific and developmentally regulated. AK4 / AK3L1 catalyzes the reversible transfer of the terminal phosphate group between ATP and AMP. It may also be active with GTP. Adenylate kinase 4 ( AK4 / AK3L1 ) is a unique member with no enzymatic activity in the adenylate kinase (AK) family although it shares high sequence homology with other AKs. It remains unclear what physiological function AK4 might play or why it is enzymatically inactive. AK4 / AK3L1 retains the capability of binding nucleotides. It has a glutamine residue instead of a key arginine residue in the active site well conserved in other AKs. The enzymatically inactive AK4 is a stress responsive protein critical to cell survival and proliferation. AK4 / AK3L1 is likely that the interaction with the mitochondrial inner membrane protein ANT is important for AK4 to exert the protective benefits to cells under stress. AK4 / AK3L1 also acts on the specific mechanism of energy metabolism rather than control of the homeostasis of the ADP pool ubiquitously.

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Catalog: HG12406-CF
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