|Datasheet||Specific References||Reviews||Related Products||Protocols|
|Human Cell lysate that Mouse GDF10 / BMP-3B transfected / overexpressed for Western blot (WB) positive control. The whole cell lysate is provided in 1X Sample Buffer (1X modified RIPA buffer+1X SDS loading buffer).|
|A DNA sequence encoding the mature form of mouse GDF10 (NP_665684.2) (Gln 367-Arg 476) was fused with the Fc region of human IgG1 at the N-terminus.|
|The recombinant mouse GDF10/Fc is a disulfide-linked homodimeric protein. The reduced monomer consists of 370 amino acids and has a predicted molecular mass of 40.8 kDa. In SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions, the apparent molecular mass of rmGDF10/Fc monomer is approximately 45 kDa.|
|Cell lysate was prepared by homogenization in ice-cold modified RIPA Lysis Buffer with cocktail of protease inhibitors (Sigma). Cell debris was removed by centrifugation. Protein concentration was determined by Bradford assay (Bio-Rad protein assay, Microplate Standard assay). The cell lysate was boiled for 5 min in 1 x SDS loading buffer (50 mM Tris-HCl pH 6.8, 12.5% glycerol, 1% sodium dodecylsulfate, 0.01% bromophenol blue) containing 5% b-mercaptoethanol, and lyophilized.|
|Modified RIPA Lysis Buffer: 50 mM Tris-HCl pH 7.4, 150 mM NaCl, 1mM EDTA, 1% Triton X-100, 0.1% SDS, 1% Sodium deoxycholate, 1mM PMSF.|
|12.5% SDS-PAGE Stained with Coomassie Blue after protein purification.|
|Samples are stable for up to twelve months from date of receipt.|
|1. Centrifuge the tube for a few seconds and ensure the pellet at the bottom of the tube. 2. Re-dissolve the pellet using 200μL pure water and boil for 2-5 min. 3. Store the lyophilized cell lysate at 4℃. After re-dissolution, recommend to aliquot it into smaller quantities and store at -80℃.|
|1 X Sample Buffer (1 X modified RIPA buffer+1 X SDS loading buffer).|
|Store at 4℃. After re-dissolution, aliquot and store at -80℃.|
|Western blot (WB): Use at an assay dependent dilution.|
Other Applications: Not tested.
Optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
BMP-3b / GDF-10 is a member of the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) family and the TGF-beta superfamily. This group of proteins is characterized by a polybasic proteolytic processing site which is cleaved to produce a mature protein containing seven conserved cysteine residues. The members of this family are regulators of cell growth and differentiation in both embryonic and adult tissues. Studies in mice suggest that the protein encoded by this gene plays a role in skeletal morphogenesis. In the bone morphogenetic cascade, cartilage differentiation, hypertrophy, and cell death are followed by bone formation. In this regard, all BMPs are cartilage morphogenetic proteins since cartilage is formed first. An overexpression or dysregulation of BMP pathways may lead to heterotopic bone formation or fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP). BMPs have been implicated in FOP. The pioneering work of Sakou has implicated BMP-3b / GDF-10 in ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament of the spine in Japanese patients. The BMP-specific antagonists such as noggin or chordin might be used therapeutically in clinical conditions with pathologically excessive bone formation. The osteoinductive capacity of BMPs has been demonstrated in preclinical models, and the efficacy of BMPs for the treatment of orthopaedic patients is now being evaluated in clinical trials. It was suggested that further progress in the clinical application of the BMP-3b / GDF-10 will depend upon the development of carriers with ideal release kinetics for the delivery of the BMPs.