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Mouse FLRG / Fstl3 HEK293 Cell Lysate (WB positive control)

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Mouse Fstl3/FLRG Transfected / Overexpression Cell Lysate Product Information
Expressed Host:Human Cells
Product Description:Human Cell lysate that Mouse FLRG transfected / overexpressed for Western blot (WB) positive control. The whole cell lysate is provided in 1X Sample Buffer (1X modified RIPA buffer+1X SDS loading buffer).
Sequence information:A DNA sequence encoding the mouse FLRG (NP_113557.1) (Met 1-Val 256) was fused with a polyhistidine tag at the C-terminus.
Predicted N Terminal:Val 24
Molecule Mass:The secreted recombinant mouse FLRG generated after removal of the signal peptide comprises 244 amino acids with a predicted molecular mass of 26 kDa. As a result of glycosylation, it migrates as an approximately 35-40 kDa band in SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions.
Mouse Fstl3/FLRG Transfected / Overexpression Cell Lysate Usage Guide
Preparation Method:Cell lysate was prepared by homogenization in ice-cold modified RIPA Lysis Buffer with cocktail of protease inhibitors (Sigma). Cell debris was removed by centrifugation. Protein concentration was determined by Bradford assay (Bio-Rad protein assay, Microplate Standard assay). The cell lysate was boiled for 5 min in 1 x SDS loading buffer (50 mM Tris-HCl pH 6.8, 12.5% glycerol, 1% sodium dodecylsulfate, 0.01% bromophenol blue) containing 5% b-mercaptoethanol, and lyophilized.
Lysis Buffer:Modified RIPA Lysis Buffer: 50 mM Tris-HCl pH 7.4, 150 mM NaCl, 1mM EDTA, 1% Triton X-100, 0.1% SDS, 1% Sodium deoxycholate, 1mM PMSF.
Quality Control Testing:12.5% SDS-PAGE Stained with Coomassie Blue after protein purification.
Stability:Samples are stable for up to twelve months from date of receipt.
Recommend Usage:1.  Centrifuge the tube for a few seconds and ensure the pellet at the bottom of the tube. 2.  Re-dissolve the pellet using 200μL pure water and boil for 2-5 min. 3. Store the lyophilized cell lysate at 4℃. After re-dissolution, recommend to aliquot it into smaller quantities and store at -80℃.
Storage Buffer:1 X Sample Buffer (1 X modified RIPA buffer+1 X SDS loading buffer).
Storage Instruction:Store at 4℃. After re-dissolution, aliquot and store at -80℃.
Application notes:Western blot (WB): Use at an assay dependent dilution.
Other Applications: Not tested.
Optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
FLRG/Fstl3 Background

Follistatin-like 3 (FLRG/Fstl3) is a secreted glycoprotein of the follistatin-module-protein family. It may have a role in leukemogenesis. FLRG/Fstl3 is a recently described member of the FST family having an overall structure and activity profile similar to that of FST, including binding and neutralization of activin. FLRG/Fstl3 is expressed in a wide range of adult tissues, not detected in hematopoietic cells except in patients with a B cell chronic leukemia and a translocation. Isoform 1 or the secreted form is a binding and antagonizing protein for members of the TGF-beta family, such us activin, BMP2 and MSTN. Inhibits activin A-, activin B-, BMP2- and MSDT-induced cellular signaling; more effective on activin A than on activin B. Involved in bone formation; inhibits osteoclast differentiationc. Involved in hematopoiesis; involved in differentiation of hemopoietic progenitor cells, increases hematopoietic cell adhesion to fibronectin and seems to contribute to the adhesion of hematopoietic precursor cells to the bone marrow stroma. Isoform 2 of FLRG/Fstl3 or the nuclear form of FLRG/Fstl3 is probably involved in transcriptional regulation via interaction with MLLT10. Modulation of activin and other TGFβ superfamily signaling is the primary mechanism of action for both follistatin (FS) and FS-like 3 (FSTL-3). FLRG/Fstl3 is likely to be a local regulator of activin action in gonadal development and gametogenesis and, further, that activin appears to have important actions in gonadal development and function that are critical for normal reproduction.

Mouse FLRG/Fstl3 References
  • Sidis Y, et al. (2006) Biological activity of follistatin isoforms and follistatin-like-3 is dependent on differential cell surface binding and specificity for activin, myostatin, and bone morphogenetic proteins. Endocrinology. 147(7): 3586-97.
  • Schneyer A, et al. (2003) Differential binding and neutralization of activins A and B by follistatin and follistatin like-3 (FSTL-3/FSRP/FLRG). Endocrinology. 144(5): 1671-4.
  • Xia Y, et al. (2004) Overexpression of follistatin-like 3 in gonads causes defects in gonadal development and function in transgenic mice. Mol Endocrinol. 18(4): 979-94.
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    Catalog: 50029-M08HL-300
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