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Human TREM1 ORF mammalian expression plasmid, C-Flag tag

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Human TREM1 cDNA Clone Product Information
NCBI RefSeq:NM_018643.2
RefSeq ORF Size:705bp
cDNA Description:Full length Clone DNA of Homo sapiens triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 1 with C terminal Flag tag.
Gene Synonym:TREM-1
Restriction Site:KpnI + XbaI (6kb + 0.76kb)
Sequence Description:Identical with the Gene Bank Ref. ID sequence.
Promoter:Enhanced CMV mammalian cell promoter
Application:Stable or Transient mammalian expression
Antibiotic in E.coli:Kanamycin
Antibiotic in mammalian cell:Hygromycin
Shipping_carrier:Each tube contains lyophilized plasmid.
Storage:The lyophilized plasmid can be stored at room temperature for three months.
Human TREM1 Gene Plasmid Map
Human TREM1 Gene cDNA Clone (full-length ORF Clone), expression ready, C-FLAG-tagged
[Click to enlarge image]
The plasmid was transfected into 293H adherent cells with Sinofection reagent (Cat# STF01). After 48 h, Immunofluorescence staining of cells. Cells were fixed with 4% PFA, permeabilzed with 0.3% Triton X-100 in PBS, blocked with 10% serum, and incubated with Mouse anti-Flag Tag monoclonal antibody (CST#8146S) at 37℃ 1 hour. Then cells were stained with Goat Anti-mouse IgG secondary antibody. The fluorescent signal is detected by fluorescence microscope. Each expression experiment has negative control.
Human TREM1 ORF mammalian expression plasmid, C-Flag tag
FLAG Tag Info

FLAG-tag, or FLAG octapeptide, is a polypeptide protein tag that can be added to a protein using recombinant DNA technology. It can be used for affinity chromatography, then used to separate recombinant, overexpressed protein from wild-type protein expressed by the host organism. It can also be used in the isolation of protein complexes with multiple subunits.

A FLAG-tag can be used in many different assays that require recognition by an antibody. If there is no antibody against the studied protein, adding a FLAG-tag to this protein allows one to follow the protein with an antibody against the FLAG sequence. Examples are cellular localization studies by immunofluorescence or detection by SDS PAGE protein electrophoresis.

The peptide sequence of the FLAG-tag from the N-terminus to the C-terminus is: DYKDDDDK (1012 Da). It can be used in conjunction with other affinity tags, for example a polyhistidine tag (His-tag), HA-tag or Myc-tag. It can be fused to the C-terminus or the N-terminus of a protein. Some commercially available antibodies (e.g., M1/4E11) recognize the epitope only when it is present at the N-terminus. However, other available antibodies (e.g., M2) are position-insensitive.

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TREM1 (triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells) is a type I  transmembrane protein with a single Ig-like domain, and is selectively expressed on blood neutrophils and a subset of monocytes. As a member of the growing family of receptors related to NK cell receptors, TREM1 activates downstream signaling events with the help of an adapter protein called DAP12. Expression of TREM1 is up-regulated by bacterial LPS, a ligand for TLR4, as well as lipoteichoic acid. Although its natural ligand has not been identified, engagement of TREM1 with agonist mAbs triggers secretion of the proinflammatory cytokines TNF-α and IL-1β, as well as chemokines such as IL-8 and monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1. Intracellularly, TREM1 induces Ca2+ mobilization and tyrosine phosphorylation of extracellular signal-related kinase 1 (ERK1), ERK2 and phospholipase C-γ. In an animal model of LPS-induced septic shock, blockade of TREM1 signaling inhibited hyperresponsiveness and death. Thus, it has been demonstrated that TREM1 performs a critical function in immune responses involved in host defense against microbial challenges, and is suggested to be a potential therapeutic target for septic shock.

  • Bouchon, A. et al., 2000, J. Immunol. 164: 4991-4995.
  • Bouchon, A. et al., 2001, Nature. 410: 1103-1107.
  • Bleharski, J.R. et al., 2003, J. Immunol. 170: 3812-3818.
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    Catalog: HG10511-CF
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