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Canine TGFB2 / TGF-beta 2 HEK293 Cell Lysate (WB positive control)

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Canine TGFB2 Transfected / Overexpression Cell Lysate Product Information
Expressed Host:Human Cells
Product Description:Human Cell lysate that Canine TGFB2 / TGF-beta 2 transfected / overexpressed for Western blot (WB) positive control. The whole cell lysate is provided in 1X Sample Buffer (1X modified RIPA buffer+1X SDS loading buffer).
Sequence information:A DNA sequence encoding the canine TGFB2 (XP_858677.1) (Met1-Ser414) was expressed with a polyhistidine tag at the C-terminus.
Predicted N Terminal:Leu 21
Molecule Mass:The recombinant canine TGFB2 consists 405 amino acids and predicts a molecular mass of 47 kDa.
Canine TGFB2 Transfected / Overexpression Cell Lysate Usage Guide
Preparation Method:Cell lysate was prepared by homogenization in ice-cold modified RIPA Lysis Buffer with cocktail of protease inhibitors (Sigma). Cell debris was removed by centrifugation. Protein concentration was determined by Bradford assay (Bio-Rad protein assay, Microplate Standard assay). The cell lysate was boiled for 5 min in 1 x SDS loading buffer (50 mM Tris-HCl pH 6.8, 12.5% glycerol, 1% sodium dodecylsulfate, 0.01% bromophenol blue) containing 5% b-mercaptoethanol, and lyophilized.
Lysis Buffer:Modified RIPA Lysis Buffer: 50 mM Tris-HCl pH 7.4, 150 mM NaCl, 1mM EDTA, 1% Triton X-100, 0.1% SDS, 1% Sodium deoxycholate, 1mM PMSF.
Quality Control Testing:12.5% SDS-PAGE Stained with Coomassie Blue after protein purification.
Stability:Samples are stable for up to twelve months from date of receipt.
Recommend Usage:1.  Centrifuge the tube for a few seconds and ensure the pellet at the bottom of the tube. 2.  Re-dissolve the pellet using 200μL pure water and boil for 2-5 min. 3. Store the lyophilized cell lysate at 4℃. After re-dissolution, recommend to aliquot it into smaller quantities and store at -80℃.
Storage Buffer:1 X Sample Buffer (1 X modified RIPA buffer+1 X SDS loading buffer).
Storage Instruction:Store at 4℃. After re-dissolution, aliquot and store at -80℃.
Application notes:Western blot (WB): Use at an assay dependent dilution.
Other Applications: Not tested.
Optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
TGF-beta 2 Background

TGF beta 2 (Transforming growth factor beta 2), an extracellular glycosylated protein, which belongs to the TGF-beta family. TGF-beta regulates key mechanisms of tumor development, namely immunosuppression, metastasis, angiogenesis, and proliferation. TGF beta 2 suppression is a promising therapeutic approach for malignant tumor therapy. The signaling pathway of TGF beta 2/Smad plays an important role in the pathological process in posterior capsule opacification (PCO) after cataract surgery. Silencing Smad2 and Smad3 efficiently blocked the effect of TGF beta 2 on cell proliferation, migration, and extracellular matrix production. TGF beta 2 activation of MEKK3/ERK1/2/5 signaling modulates Has2 expression and hyaluronan (HA) production leading to the induction of epithelial to mesenchymal transformation (EMT) events. In addition, the upregulation of the TGF beta 2 level is a common pathological feature of Alzheimer's disease (AD) brains and suggests that it may be closely linked to the development of neuronal death related to AD.

Canine TGF-beta 2 References
  • Schlingensiepen KH, et al. (2006) Targeted tumor therapy with the TGF-beta 2 antisense compound AP 12009. Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 17(1-2): 129-39.
  • Ghatpande SK, et al. (2010) Transforming growth factor beta2 is negatively regulated by endogenous retinoic acid during early heart morphogenesis. Dev Growth Differ. 52(5): 433-55.
  • Noguchi A, et al. (2010) Transforming growth factor beta2 level is elevated in neurons of Alzheimer's disease brains. Int J Neurosci. 120(3): 168-75.
  • Li J, et al. (2011) Comparative effects of TGF-_2/Smad2 and TGF-_2/Smad3 signaling pathways on proliferation, migration, and extracellular matrix production in a human lens cell line. Exp Eye Res. 92(3): 173-9.
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    Catalog: 70099-D08HL-300
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