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Human PKM qPCR primer pairs

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Human PKM qPCR Product Information
Gene Synonym:PK3, PKM, TCB, OIP3, CTHBP, THBP1, MGC3932, PKM2
PCR_SIZE (bp):
QPCR Primer Description:Verified forward and reverse primers for analyzing the quantitative expression of gene
Quality Control:The primer mix has been verified to generate satisfactory qPCR data on Roche LightCycler480
Shipping_carrier:1 vial of lyophilized qPCR primer mix (1 nmol each primer, sufficient for 200 numbers of 25 μl reactions) is shipped at ambiente temperatura.
Storage:The lyophilized product is stable for one year from date of receipt when stored at -20℃.
The suspended product is stable for six months from date of receipt when stored at -20℃.
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Sino biological qEASY qPCR primer pairs are used for SYBR Green-based real-time RT-PCR, The primers are designed by using SBI's proprietary primer design algorithm. Our primer collection covers the entire human genomes. It can be widely applied in the quantitative analysis of gene expression.

Unique Primer Design

To avoid genomic DNA amplification, at least one primer is designed crosses the junction of exons according to the conserved region of a specific gene with all variants.

Strict Validation Process

Confirmed in positive organizations; screened the primer with high specificity and high sensitivity.

Uniform PCR conditions, Saving time and cost

~100% amplification curve, ensuring the accuracy of the RNA quantitative

PKM2 Background

Pyruvate kinase isozymes M2 also known as pyruvate kinase muscle isozyme 2 (PKM2), pyruvate kinase type K, cytosolic thyroid hormone-binding protein (CTHBP), thyroid hormone-binding protein 1 (THBP1), or opa-interacting protein 3 (OIP3), is an isoenzyme of the glycolytic enzyme pyruvate kinase. Pyruvate kinase isozymes M2 / PKM2 is a protein involved in glycolysis. The encoded protein is a pyruvate kinase that catalyzes the transfer of a phosphoryl group from phosphoenolpyruvate to ADP, generating ATP and pyruvate. PKM2 has been shown to interact with thyroid hormone and may mediate cellular metabolic effects induced by thyroid hormones. PKM2 has been found to bind Opa protein, a bacterial outer membrane protein involved in gonococcal adherence to and invasion of human cells, suggesting a role of this protein in bacterial pathogenesis. Several alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding a few distinct isoforms have been reported. PKM2 functions as a glycolytic enzyme that catalyzes the transfer of a phosphoryl group from phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) to ADP, generating ATP. PKM2 may stimulates POU5F1-mediated transcriptional activation. This protein Plays a general role in caspase independent cell death of tumor cells. The ratio betwween the highly active tetrameric form and nearly inactive dimeric form determines whether glucose carbons are channeled to biosynthetic processes or used for glycolytic ATP production. The transition between the 2 forms of PKM2 contributes to the control of glycolysis and is important for tumor cell proliferation and survival.

Human PKM2 References
  • Bluemlein K, et al. (2011) No evidence for a shift in pyruvate kinase PKM1 to PKM2 expression during tumorigenesis. Oncotarget. 2 (5): 393-400.
  • Gupta V, et al. (2010) Dominant Negative Mutations Affect Oligomerization of Human Pyruvate Kinase M2 Isozyme and Promote Cellular Growth and Polyploidy. J Biol Chem. 285 (22): 16864-73.
  • Eigenbrodt E, et al. (1992) Double role for pyruvate kinase type M2 in the expansion of phosphometabolite pools found in tumor cells. Crit Rev Oncog. 3 (1): 91-115.
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    Catalog: HP101307
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