|Datasheet||Specific References||Reviews||Related Products||Protocols|
|JNK2, SAPK, p54a, JNK2A, JNK2B, PRKM9, JNK-55, JNK2BETA, p54aSAPK, JNK2ALPHA, MAPK9|
|Verified forward and reverse primers for analyzing the quantitative expression of gene|
|The primer mix has been verified to generate satisfactory qPCR data on Roche LightCycler480|
|1 vial of lyophilized qPCR primer mix (1 nmol each primer, sufficient for 200 numbers of 25 μl reactions) is shipped at ambiente temperatura.|
|The lyophilized product is stable for one year from date of receipt when stored at -20℃.|
The suspended product is stable for six months from date of receipt when stored at -20℃.
Sino biological qEASY qPCR primer pairs are used for SYBR Green-based real-time RT-PCR, The primers are designed by using SBI's proprietary primer design algorithm. Our primer collection covers the entire human genomes. It can be widely applied in the quantitative analysis of gene expression.
To avoid genomic DNA amplification, at least one primer is designed crosses the junction of exons according to the conserved region of a specific gene with all variants.
Confirmed in positive organizations; screened the primer with high specificity and high sensitivity.
Mitogen-activated protein kinase 9 (MAPK9), also well known as c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK2), is a member of MAP kinase subfamily belonging to the protein kinase superfamily. MAPK9 responds to activation by environmental stress and pro-inflammatory cytokines by phosphorylating a number of transcription factors, such as c-Jun and ATF2. The crystal structure of human JNK2 complexed with an indazole inhibitor by applying a high-throughput protein engineering and surface-site mutagenesis approach. A novel conformation of the activation loop is observed, which is not compatible with its phosphorylation by upstream kinases. This activation inhibitory conformation of JNK2 is stabilized by the MAP kinase insert that interacts with the activation loop in an induced-fit manner. It suggest that the MAP kinase insert of JNK2 plays a role in the regulation of JNK2 activation, possibly by interacting with intracellular binding partners. JNK2 deficiency leads to reduced c-Jun degradation, thereby augmenting c-Jun levels and cellular proliferation, and suggests that JNK2 is a negative regulator of cellular proliferation in multiple cell types. JNK2 prevents replicative stress by coordinating cell cycle progression and DNA damage repair mechanisms. JNK2 blocks the ubiquitination of tumor suppressor p53, and thus increases the stability of p53 in nonstressed cells. JNK2 negatively regulates antigen-specific CD8+ T cell expansion and effector function, and thus selectively blocking JNK2 in CD8+ T cells may potentially enhance anti-tumor immune response. Lack of JNK2 expression was associated with higher tumor aneuploidy and reduced DNA damage response. Additionally,the JNK2 protein could be a novel therapeutic target in dry eye disease, and may provide a novel target for prevention of vascular disease and atherosclerosis.