|Human Cell lysate that Human OPALIN transfected / overexpressed for Western blot (WB) positive control. The whole cell lysate is provided in 1X Sample Buffer (1X modified RIPA buffer+1X SDS loading buffer).|
|A DNA sequence encoding the human OPALIN (Q96PE5-2) (Thr51-Glu141) was expressed with the Fc region of mouse IgG1 at the N-terminus.|
|The recombinant human OPALIN/mFc comprises 327 amino acids and has a predicted molecular mass of 37.4 kDa. The apparent molecular mass of the monomer is approximately 44 and 33 kDa in SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions due to glycosylation.|
|Cell lysate was prepared by homogenization in ice-cold modified RIPA Lysis Buffer with cocktail of protease inhibitors (Sigma). Cell debris was removed by centrifugation. Protein concentration was determined by Bradford assay (Bio-Rad protein assay, Microplate Standard assay). The cell lysate was boiled for 5 min in 1 x SDS loading buffer (50 mM Tris-HCl pH 6.8, 12.5% glycerol, 1% sodium dodecylsulfate, 0.01% bromophenol blue) containing 5% b-mercaptoethanol, and lyophilized.|
|Modified RIPA Lysis Buffer: 50 mM Tris-HCl pH 7.4, 150 mM NaCl, 1mM EDTA, 1% Triton X-100, 0.1% SDS, 1% Sodium deoxycholate, 1mM PMSF.|
|12.5% SDS-PAGE Stained with Coomassie Blue after protein purification.|
|Samples are stable for up to twelve months from date of receipt.|
|1. Centrifuge the tube for a few seconds and ensure the pellet at the bottom of the tube. 2. Re-dissolve the pellet using 200μL pure water and boil for 2-5 min. 3. Store the lyophilized cell lysate at 4℃. After re-dissolution, recommend to aliquot it into smaller quantities and store at -80℃.|
|1 X Sample Buffer (1 X modified RIPA buffer+1 X SDS loading buffer).|
|Store at 4℃. After re-dissolution, aliquot and store at -80℃.|
|Western blot (WB): Use at an assay dependent dilution.|
Other Applications: Not tested.
Optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Opalin, or oligodendrocytic myelin paranodal and inner loop protein, is a transmembrane protein detected specifically in mammalian oligodendrocytes, and may play significant role in oligodendrocyte differentiation and myelination.Opalin has binding sites for Myt1 and cAMP-response element binding protein (CREB). Over-expression of Myt1, treatment of the cell with leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF), and cAMP analog (CREB activator) enhanced the expression of endogenous Opalin in Oli-neu cells and activated the oligodendrocyte enhancer. Thus LIF, cAMP signaling cascades and Myt1 may play significant roles in the differentiation of oligodendrocytes through their action on the Opalin oligodendrocyte enhancer. Enzymatic deglycosylation showed that myelin Opalin contained N- and O-glycans, and that the O-glycans, at least, had negatively charged sialic acids. Site-directed mutations at the glycan sites impaired the cell surface localization of Opalin. In addition to the somata and processes of oligodendrocytes, Opalin immunoreactivity was observed in myelinated axons in a spiral fashion, and was concentrated in the paranodal loop region. Immunogold electron microscopy demonstrated that Opalin was localized at particular sites in the paranodal loop membrane. These results suggest a role for highly sialylglycosylated Opalin in an intermembranous function of the myelin paranodal loops in the central nervous system.