|Datasheet||Specific References||Reviews||Related Products||Protocols|
|GPHA2, GPA2, ZSIG51|
|A DNA sequence encoding the human GPHA2 (Q96T91) (Met1-Tyr129) was expressed with a polyhistidine tag at the C-terminus.|
|In general, recombinant proteins are provided as lyophilized powder which are shipped at ambient temperature.|
Bulk packages of recombinant proteins are provided as frozen liquid. They are shipped out with blue ice unless customers require otherwise.
|> 90 % as determined by SDS-PAGE|
|< 1.0 EU per μg of the protein as determined by the LAL method|
|Samples are stable for up to twelve months from date of receipt at -70℃|
|The recombinant human GPHA2 consists of 117 amino acids and predicts a molecular mass of 13.1 KDa. It migrates as an approximately 23 KDa band in SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions.|
|Lyophilized from sterile PBS, pH 7.4.|
1. Normally 5 % - 8 % trehalose and mannitol are added as protectants before lyophilization. Specific concentrations are included in the hardcopy of COA.
2. Please contact us for any concerns or special requirements.
|Store it under sterile conditions at -20℃ to -80℃. It is recommended that the protein be aliquoted for optimal storage. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.|
|A hardcopy of COA with reconstitution instruction is sent along with the products. Please refer to it for detailed information.|
GPHA2 is a member of the glycoprotein hormones subunit alpha family. Glycoprotein hormones consist of two subunits, the common alpha- and specific beta-subunits, which associate noncovalently to form a heterodimer. The alpha-subunit combines with four distinct beta-subunits giving rise to four biologically active hormones in human: FSH, LH, TSH, and CG. GPHA2 and glycoprotein hormone beta 5 (GPHB5) can form a noncovalent heterodimer. GPHA2 can be detected in a variety of tissues. Recombinant A2/B5 heterodimeric glycoproteins activates human TSH receptors, but not LH and FSH receptors, and shows high affinity to TSH receptors in a radioligand receptor assay. The heterodimer also stimulates cAMP production and thymidine incorporation by cultured thyroid cells and increases serum thyroxine levels in TSH-suppressed rats in vivo. This new heterodimeric glycoprotein hormone was named as thyrostimulin based on its thyroid-stimulating activity. The expression of thyrostimulin in the anterior pituitary known to express TSH receptors suggested a paracrine mechanism.