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|Baculovirus-Insect Cell lysate that Human PRC1 transfected / overexpressed for Western blot (WB) positive control. The whole cell lysate is provided in 1X Sample Buffer (1X modified RIPA buffer+1X SDS loading buffer).|
|A DNA sequence encoding the human PRC1 isoform 1 (NP_003972.1) (Met 1-Ser 620) was expressed, with a polyhistidine tag at the N-terminus.|
|The recombinant human PRC1 consists of 639 amino acids and predicts a molecular mass of 74 kDa. It migrates as an approximately 75 KDa band in SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions.|
|Cell lysate was prepared by homogenization in ice-cold modified RIPA Lysis Buffer with cocktail of protease inhibitors (Sigma). Cell debris was removed by centrifugation. Protein concentration was determined by Bradford assay (Bio-Rad protein assay, Microplate Standard assay). The cell lysate was boiled for 5 min in 1 x SDS loading buffer (50 mM Tris-HCl pH 6.8, 12.5% glycerol, 1% sodium dodecylsulfate, 0.01% bromophenol blue) containing 5% b-mercaptoethanol, and lyophilized.|
|Modified RIPA Lysis Buffer: 50 mM Tris-HCl pH 7.4, 150 mM NaCl, 1mM EDTA, 1% Triton X-100, 0.1% SDS, 1% Sodium deoxycholate, 1mM PMSF.|
|12.5% SDS-PAGE Stained with Coomassie Blue after protein purification.|
|Samples are stable for up to twelve months from date of receipt.|
|1. Centrifuge the tube for a few seconds and ensure the pellet at the bottom of the tube. 2. Re-dissolve the pellet using 200μL pure water and boil for 2-5 min. 3. Store the lyophilized cell lysate at 4℃. After re-dissolution, recommend to aliquot it into smaller quantities and store at -80℃.|
|1 X Sample Buffer (1 X modified RIPA buffer+1 X SDS loading buffer).|
|Store at 4℃. After re-dissolution, aliquot and store at -80℃.|
|Western blot (WB): Use at an assay dependent dilution.|
Other Applications: Not tested.
Optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
PRC1 (protein regulator of cytokinesis 1) is a key regulator of cytokinesis that cross-links antiparrallel microtubules at an average distance of 35 nM. It is essential for controlling the spatiotemporal formation of the midzone and successful cytokinesis. PRC1 is required for KIF14 localization to the central spindle and midbody. It is also required to recruit PLK1 to the spindle. PRC1 stimulates PLK1 phosphorylation of RACGAP1 to allow recruitment of ECT2 to the central spindle. It is a homodimer and interacts with the C-terminal Rho-GAP domain and the basic region of RACGAP1. The interaction with RACGAP1 inhibits its GAP activity towards CDC42 in vitro, which may be required for maintaining normal spindle morphology. PRC1 also interacts separately via its N-terminal region with the C-terminus of CENPE, KIF4A and KIF23 during late mitosis. It interacts with KIF14, IF20A and PLK1.