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Human ADK Insect Cell Lysate (WB positive control)

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Human ADK Transfected / Overexpression Cell Lysate Product Information
Expressed Host:Baculovirus-Insect cells
Product Description:Baculovirus-Insect Cell lysate that Human ADK transfected / overexpressed for Western blot (WB) positive control. The whole cell lysate is provided in 1X Sample Buffer (1X modified RIPA buffer+1X SDS loading buffer).
Sequence information:A DNA sequence encoding the human ADK isoform short (AAH03568.1) (Met 1-His 345) was fused with the N-terminal polyhistidine-tagged GST tag at the N-terminus.
Predicted N Terminal:Met
Molecule Mass:The recombinant human ADK/GST chimera consists of 582 amino acids and has a calculated molecular mass of 68 kDa. It migrates as an approximately 60 kDa band in SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions.
Human ADK Transfected / Overexpression Cell Lysate Usage Guide
Preparation Method:Cell lysate was prepared by homogenization in ice-cold modified RIPA Lysis Buffer with cocktail of protease inhibitors (Sigma). Cell debris was removed by centrifugation. Protein concentration was determined by Bradford assay (Bio-Rad protein assay, Microplate Standard assay). The cell lysate was boiled for 5 min in 1 x SDS loading buffer (50 mM Tris-HCl pH 6.8, 12.5% glycerol, 1% sodium dodecylsulfate, 0.01% bromophenol blue) containing 5% b-mercaptoethanol, and lyophilized.
Lysis Buffer:Modified RIPA Lysis Buffer: 50 mM Tris-HCl pH 7.4, 150 mM NaCl, 1mM EDTA, 1% Triton X-100, 0.1% SDS, 1% Sodium deoxycholate, 1mM PMSF.
Quality Control Testing:12.5% SDS-PAGE Stained with Coomassie Blue after protein purification.
Stability:Samples are stable for up to twelve months from date of receipt.
Recommend Usage:1.  Centrifuge the tube for a few seconds and ensure the pellet at the bottom of the tube. 2.  Re-dissolve the pellet using 200μL pure water and boil for 2-5 min. 3. Store the lyophilized cell lysate at 4℃. After re-dissolution, recommend to aliquot it into smaller quantities and store at -80℃.
Storage Buffer:1 X Sample Buffer (1 X modified RIPA buffer+1 X SDS loading buffer).
Storage Instruction:Store at 4℃. After re-dissolution, aliquot and store at -80℃.
Application notes:Western blot (WB): Use at an assay dependent dilution.
Other Applications: Not tested.
Optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
ADK Background

Adenosine kinase(ADK) belongs to the family of transferases. Adenosine kinase (ADK) is the key enzyme in adenosine metabolism and catalyzes ATP and adenosine into two products: ADP and AMP. Two isoforms of the enzyme adenosine kinase (ADK), which differ at their N-terminal ends, are found in mammalian cells. It has been shown that the two ADK isoforms differ only in their first exons and the promoter regions; hence they arise via differential splicing of their first exons with the other exons common to both isoforms. In adult brain, ADK is primarily present in astrocytes. Several lines of experimental evidence support a critical role of ADK in different types of brain injury associated with astrogliosis, which is also a prominent morphologic feature of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). It has been suggested that dysregulation of ADK in astrocytes is a common pathologic hallmark of TLE. Moreover, in vitro data suggest the existence of an additional layer of modulatory crosstalk between the astrocyte-based adenosine cycle and inflammation. ADK also contributes to CK homeostasis in vivo. 

Human ADK References
  • Aronica E, et al. (2011) Upregulation of adenosine kinase in astrocytes in experimental and human temporal lobe epilepsy. Epilepsia.52 (9): 1645-55.
  • Kuettel S, et al. (2011) Crystal structures of T. b. rhodesiense adenosine kinase complexed with inhibitor and activator: implications for catalysis and hyperactivation. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 5 (5): e1164.
  • Cui XA, et al. (2011) Molecular characterization of Chinese hamster cells mutants affected in adenosine kinase and showing novel genetic and biochemical characteristics. BMC Biochem. 12 (1): 22.
  • Size / Price
    Catalog: 13149-H20BL-300
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