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Human BCAM ELISA Pair Set

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Materials provided
Capture Ab:0.2 mg/mL of mouse anti-BCAM monoclonal antibody (in PBS, pH 7.4). Dilute to a working concentration of 2 μg/mL in PBS before coating.
Detection Ab:0.2 mg/mL rabbit anti-BCAM monoclonal antibody conjugated to horseradish-peroxidase (HRP) (in PBS, 50 % HRP-Protector, pH 7.4, store at 4℃). Dilute to working concentration of 0.25 μg/mL in detection antibody dilution buffer before use.
Standard:Each vial contains 90 ng of recombinant BCAM. Reconstitute with 1 mL detection antibody dilution buffer. After reconstitution, store at -20℃ to -80℃ in a manual defrost freezer. A seven-point standard curve using 2-fold serial dilutions in sample dilution buffer, and a high standard of 2 ng/mL is recommended.
The minimum detectable dose of Human BCAM was determined to be approximately 31.25 pg/ml. This is defined as at least three times standard deviations above the mean optical density of 10 replicates of the zero standard.
Principle of the product
The Human BCAM ELISA Pair Set is for the quantitative determination of Human BCAM.
This ELISA Pair Set contains the basic components required for the development of sandwich ELISAs.
The Sino Biological ELISA Pair Set is a solid phase sandwich ELISA (Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay). It utilizes a monoclonal antibody specific for BCAM coated on a 96-well plate. Standards and samples are added to the wells, and any BCAM present binds to the immobilized antibody. The wells are washed and a horseradish peroxidase conjugated rabbit anti-BCAM monoclonal antibody is then added, producing an antibody-antigen-antibody "sandwich". The wells are again washed and TMB substrate solution is loaded, which produces color in proportion to the amount of BCAM present in the sample. To end the enzyme reaction, the stop solution is added and absorbances of the microwell are read at 450 nm.
Capture Antibody: Aliquot and store at -20℃ to -80℃ for up to 6 months from date of receipt. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Detection Antibody: Store at 4℃ and protect it from prolonged exposure to light for up to 6 months from date of receipt. DO NOT FREEZE!
Standard: Store lyophilized Standard at -20℃ to -80℃ for up to 6 months from date of receipt. Aliquot and store the reconstituted Standard at -80℃ for up to 1 month. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.

The Lutheran (Lu) blood group and basal cell adhesion molecule (BCAM) antigens are both carried by 2 glycoprotein isoforms of the immunoglobulin superfamily representing receptors for the laminin alpha(5) chain. It is a transmembrane receptor with five immunoglobulin-like domains in its extracellular region, and is therefore classified as a member of the immunoglobulin (Ig) gene family. In addition to red blood cells, Lu/BCAM proteins are expressed in endothelial cells of vascular capillaries and in epithelial cells of several tissues. BCAM/LU has a wide tissue distribution with a predominant expression in the basal layer of the epithelium and the endothelium of blood vessel walls. As designated as CD239 recently, BCAM and LU share a significant sequence similarity with the CD146 (MUC18) and CD166, and themselves are adhesion molecules that bind laminin with high affinity. Laminins are found in all basement membranes and are involved in cell differentiation, adhesion, migration, and proliferation. BCAM is upregulated following malignant transformation of some cell types in vivo and in vitro, thus being a candidate molecule involved in tumor progression. In addition, BCAM interacts with integrin in sickle red cells, and thus may potentially play a role in vaso-occlusive episodes.

  • Kikkawa Y, et al. (2005) Review: Lutheran/B-CAM: a laminin receptor on red blood cells and in various tissues. Connect Tissue Res. 46 (4-5): 193-9.
  • El Nemer W, et al. (2007) Endothelial Lu/BCAM glycoproteins are novel ligands for red blood cell alpha4beta1 integrin: role in adhesion of sickle red blood cells to endothelial cells. Blood. 109 (8): 3544-51.
  • Colin Y, et al. (2008) Red cell and endothelial Lu/BCAM beyond sickle cell disease. Transfus Clin Biol. 15 (6): 402-5.
  • El Nemer W, et al. (2008) Role of Lu/BCAM in abnormal adhesion of sickle red blood cells to vascular endothelium. Transfus Clin Biol. 15 (1-2): 29-33.
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