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Rat GpT1 Gene cDNA Clone (full-length ORF Clone), expression ready, C-HA-tagged

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GPTcDNA Clone Product Information
Gene_bank_ref_id:NM_031039.1
cDNA Size:1491
cDNA Description:ORF Clone of Rattus norvegicus glutamic-pyruvate transaminase (alanine aminotransferase) DNA.
Gene Synonym:Gpt1, Gpt
Species:Rat
Vector:pCMV3-C-HA
Restriction Site:
Tag Sequence:HA Tag Sequence: TATCCTTACGACGTGCCTGACTACGCC
Sequence Description:
Shipping_carrier:Each tube contains approximately 10 μg of lyophilized plasmid.
Storage:The lyophilized plasmid can be stored at ambient temperature for three months.
pCMV3-C-HA Vector Information
 
Vector Name pCMV3-C-HA
Vector Size 6161bp
Vector Type Mammalian Expression Vector
Expression Method Constiutive, Stable / Transient
Promoter CMV
Antibiotic Resistance Kanamycin
Selection In Mammalian Cells Hygromycin
Protein Tag HA
Sequencing Primer Forward:T7(TAATACGACTCACTATAGGG)
Reverse:BGH(TAGAAGGCACAGTCGAGG)

pCMV3-C-HA Physical Map
Schematic of pCMV3-C-HA Multiple Cloning Sites

HA Tag Info

Human influenza hemagglutinin (HA) is a surface glycoprotein required for the infectivity of the human virus. The HA tag is derived from the HA-molecule corresponding to amino acids 98-106 has been extensively used as a general epitope tag in expression vectors. Many recombinant proteins have been engineered to express the HA tag, which does not appear to interfere with the bioactivity or the biodistribution of the recombinant protein. This tag facilitates the detection, isolation, and purification of the proteins.

The actual HA tag is as follows: 5' TAC CCA TAC GAT GTT CCA GAT TAC GCT 3' or 5' TAT CCA TAT GAT GTT CCA GAT TAT GCT 3' The amino acid sequence is: YPYDVPDYA.

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Background

Alanine aminotransferase (ALT), also known as glutamate pyruvate transaminase (GPT), is a pyridoxal enzyme which belongs to the class-I pyridoxal-phosphate-dependent aminotransferase family, Alanine aminotransferase subfamily. Gpt / Gpt1 / ALT catalyses the reversible interconversion of L-alanine and 2-oxoglutalate to pyruvate and L-glutamate, and plays a key role in the intermediary metabolism of glucose and amino acids. Gpt / Gpt1 / ALT is expressed in Liver, kidney, heart, and skeletal muscles and it expresses at moderate levels in the adipose tissue. As a key enzyme for gluconeogenesis, Gpt is a widely-used serum marker for liver injury. Two ALT isoenzymes have been identified, ALT1 and ALT2 (GPT1 and GPT2), which are encoded by separate genes and share significant sequence homology, but differ in their expression patterns. GPT1/GPT is widely distributed and mainly expressed in intestine, liver, fat tissues, colon, muscle, and heart, in the order of high to low expression level. Serum activity levels of this enzyme are routinely used as a biomarker of liver injury caused by drug toxicity, infection, alcohol, and steatosis.

References
  • Bergmeyer HU, et al. (1978) Optimization of methods for aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase. Clin Chem. 24(1): 58-73.
  • King MC, et al. (1980) Allele increasing susceptibility to human breast cancer may be linked to the glutamate-pyruvate transaminase locus. Science. 208(4442): 406-8.
  • Prati D, et al. (2002) Updated definitions of healthy ranges for serum alanine aminotransferase levels. Ann Intern Med. 137(1): 1-10.
  • Please note: All products are "FOR RESEARCH USE ONLY AND ARE NOT INTENDED FOR DIAGNOSTIC OR THERAPEUTIC USE"