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Human TIM4 / TIMD4 Human Cells Transfected Lysate (positive control) (denatured)

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TIMD4/TIM4Transfected / Overexpression Cell Lysate Product Information
Product Description:Human Cells transfected lysate in which Human TIMD4 / TIM4 has been over-expressed. The whole cell lysate is provided in 1X Sample Buffer (1X modified RIPA buffer+1X SDS sample buffer).
Preparation Method:Cell lysate was prepared by homogenization in ice-cold modified RIPA Lysis Buffer with cocktail of protease inhibitors (Sigma). Cell debris was removed by centrifugation. Protein concentration was determined with Bradford assay (Bio-Rad protein assay, Microplate Standard assay). The cell lysate was boiled for 5 minutes in 1 x SDS sample buffer (50 mM Tris-HCl pH 6.8, 12.5% glycerol, 1% sodium dodecylsulfate, 0.01% bromophenol blue) containing 5% b-mercaptoethanol, and lyophilized.
Lysis Buffer:Modified RIPA Lysis Buffer: 50 mM Tris-HCl pH 7.4, 150 mM NaCl, 1mM EDTA, 1% Triton X-100, 0.1% SDS, 1% Sodium deoxycholate, 1mM PMSF
Quality Control Testing:12.5% SDS-PAGE Stained with Coomassie Blue
Stability:Samples are stable for up to twelve months from date of receipt at -80℃
Recommend Usage:1. Centrifuge the tube for a few seconds and ensure the pellet at the bottom of the tube. 2. Re-dissolve the pellet using 200μL pure water and boiled for 2-5 min. 3. Store it at -80℃. Recommend to aliquot the cell lysate into smaller quantities for optimal storage. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles. Notes:The lysate is ready to load on SDS-PAGE for Western blot application. If dissociating conditions are required, add reducing agent prior to heating.
Storage Buffer:In modified RIPA Lysis Buffer
Storage Instruction:Store at -80℃. Aliquot to avoid repeated freezing and thawing
Application notes:WB: Use at an assay dependent dilution.
Not yet tested in other applications.
Optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

A type I transmembrane protein called TIM4 (T-cell immunoglobulin- and mucin-domain-containing molecule; also known as TIMD4), which belongs to the immunoglobulin superfamily and TIM family. TIM4 is involved in regulating T-cell proliferation and lymphotoxin signaling. It is a ligand for HAVCR1/TIMD1. Recent reports indicate that dendritic cell (DC)-derived T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain molecule (TIM)-4, which is expressed on dendritic cells and macrophages, plays an important role in the initiation of T(H)2 polarization. TIM4 bound apoptotic cells by recognizing phosphatidylserine via its immunoglobulin domain. The expression of TIM4 in fibroblasts enhanced their ability to engulf apoptotic cells. TIM4 is phosphatidylserine receptor for the engulfment of apoptotic cells, and may also be involved in intercellular signalling in which exosomes are involved. Modulation of TIM4 production in dendritic cells (DCs) represents a novel therapeutic approach for the treatment of peanut allergy. The interaction of TIM1/TIM4 played a critical role in sustaining the polarization status of Th2 cells in allergic rhinitis (AR) patients. Cross-linking FcgammaRI by antigen/IgG complexes increased the production of TIM4 by dendritic cells via upregulating tumor necrosis factor-alpha in DCs. Specific immunotherapy (SIT) suppresses the skewed Th2 responses via disrupting the interaction of TIM1/TIM4 in antigen-specific Th2 cells.

  • Miyanishi M, et al. (2007) Identification of Tim4 as a phosphatidylserine receptor. Nature. 450(7168): 435-9.
  • Feng BS, et al. (2008) Disruption of T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain molecule (TIM)-1/TIM4 interaction as a therapeutic strategy in a dendritic cell-induced peanut allergy model. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 122(1): 55-61.
  • Cai PC, et al. (2009) Association of TIM4 promoter polymorphism -1419GA with childhood asthma in a Chinese Han population. Tissue Antigens. 74(1): 11-6.
  • Zhao CQ, et al. (2010) Specific immunotherapy suppresses Th2 responses via modulating TIM1/TIM4 interaction on dendritic cells. Allergy. 65(8): 986-95.
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    List Price: $195.00  (Save $0.00)
    Price:$195.00      [How to order]
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