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Human XPNPEP2 / X-Pro aminopeptidase 2 Human Cells Transfected Lysate (positive control) (denatured)

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XPNPEP2Cells Transfected Lysate Product Information
Product Description:Human Cells transfected lysate in which Human XPNPEP2 / X-Pro aminopeptidase 2 has been over-expressed. The whole cell lysate is provided in 1X Sample Buffer (1X modified RIPA buffer+1X SDS sample buffer).
Preparation Method:Cell lysate was prepared by homogenization in ice-cold modified RIPA Lysis Buffer with cocktail of protease inhibitors (Sigma). Cell debris was removed by centrifugation. Protein concentration was determined with Bradford assay (Bio-Rad protein assay, Microplate Standard assay). The cell lysate was boiled for 5 minutes in 1 x SDS sample buffer (50 mM Tris-HCl pH 6.8, 12.5% glycerol, 1% sodium dodecylsulfate, 0.01% bromophenol blue) containing 5% b-mercaptoethanol, and lyophilized.
Lysis Buffer:Modified RIPA Lysis Buffer: 50 mM Tris-HCl pH 7.4, 150 mM NaCl, 1mM EDTA, 1% Triton X-100, 0.1% SDS, 1% Sodium deoxycholate, 1mM PMSF
Quality Control Testing:12.5% SDS-PAGE Stained with Coomassie Blue
Stability:Samples are stable for up to twelve months from date of receipt at -80℃
Recommend Usage:1. Centrifuge the tube for a few seconds and ensure the pellet at the bottom of the tube. 2. Re-dissolve the pellet using 200μL pure water and boiled for 2-5 min. 3. Store it at -80℃. Recommend to aliquot the cell lysate into smaller quantities for optimal storage. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles. Notes:The lysate is ready to load on SDS-PAGE for Western blot application. If dissociating conditions are required, add reducing agent prior to heating.
Storage Buffer:In modified RIPA Lysis Buffer
Storage Instruction:Store at -80℃. Aliquot to avoid repeated freezing and thawing
Application notes:WB: Use at an assay dependent dilution.
Not yet tested in other applications.
Optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

Aminopeptidase P (APP) is a hydrolase specific for N-terminal imido bonds, which are common to several collagen degradation products, neuropeptides, vasoactive peptides, and cytokines. A membrane-bound and soluble form of this enzyme (XPNPEP2) have been identified as products of two separate genes. XPNPEP2, the X-linked gene that encodes membranous aminopeptidase P (APP), has been reported to associate with APP activity. The membrane aminopeptidase P (XPNPEP2) is largely limited in distribution to endothelia and brush border epithelia. APP and XPNPEP2 contain homologous blocks of sequence common to members of the "pita bread-fold" protein family, of which Escherichia coli methionine aminopeptidase is the prototype. The C-2399A variant in XPNPEP2 is associated with reduced APP activity and a higher incidence of AE-ACEi. XPNPEP2 mRNA was detected in fibroblasts that carry the translocation, suggesting that this gene at least partially escapes X inactivation. XPNPEP2 is a candidate gene for premature ovarian failure (POF).

  • Sprinkle TJ, et al. (2000) Cloning, chromosomal sublocalization of the human soluble aminopeptidase P gene (XPNPEP1) to 10q25.3 and conservation of the putative proton shuttle and metal ligand binding sites with XPNPEP2. Arch Biochem Biophys. 378(1): 51-6.
  • Prueitt RL, et al. (2000) Physical mapping of nine Xq translocation breakpoints and identification of XPNPEP2 as a premature ovarian failure candidate gene. Cytogenet Cell Genet. 89(1-2): 44-50.
  • Duan QL, et al. (2005) A variant in XPNPEP2 is associated with angioedema induced by angiotensin I-converting enzyme inhibitors. Am J Hum Genet. 77(4): 617-26.
  • Woodard-Grice AV, et al. (2010) Sex-dependent and race-dependent association of XPNPEP2 C-2399A polymorphism with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor-associated angioedema. Pharmacogenet Genomics. 20(9): 532-6.
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