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Human ATF2 Insect Cell Lysate (WB positive control)

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Human ATF2 Transfected / Overexpression Cell Lysate Product Information
Expressed Host:Baculovirus-Insect cells
Product Description:Baculovirus-Insect Cell lysate that Human ATF2 transfected / overexpressed for Western blot (WB) positive control. The whole cell lysate is provided in 1X Sample Buffer (1X modified RIPA buffer+1X SDS loading buffer).
Sequence information:A DNA sequence encoding full length of human ATF2 (P15336-1) (Met 1-Ser 505) was fused with the N-terminal polyhistidine-tagged GST tag at the N-terminus.
Predicted N Terminal:Met
Molecule Mass:The recombinant human ATF2/GST chimera consists of 742 amino acids and has a calculated molecular mass of 82.4 kDa. It migrates as an approximately 85 kDa band in SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions.
Human ATF2 Transfected / Overexpression Cell Lysate Usage Guide
Preparation Method:Cell lysate was prepared by homogenization in ice-cold modified RIPA Lysis Buffer with cocktail of protease inhibitors (Sigma). Cell debris was removed by centrifugation. Protein concentration was determined by Bradford assay (Bio-Rad protein assay, Microplate Standard assay). The cell lysate was boiled for 5 min in 1 x SDS loading buffer (50 mM Tris-HCl pH 6.8, 12.5% glycerol, 1% sodium dodecylsulfate, 0.01% bromophenol blue) containing 5% b-mercaptoethanol, and lyophilized.
Lysis Buffer:Modified RIPA Lysis Buffer: 50 mM Tris-HCl pH 7.4, 150 mM NaCl, 1mM EDTA, 1% Triton X-100, 0.1% SDS, 1% Sodium deoxycholate, 1mM PMSF.
Quality Control Testing:12.5% SDS-PAGE Stained with Coomassie Blue after protein purification.
Stability:Samples are stable for up to twelve months from date of receipt.
Recommend Usage:1.  Centrifuge the tube for a few seconds and ensure the pellet at the bottom of the tube. 2.  Re-dissolve the pellet using 200μL pure water and boil for 2-5 min. 3. Store the lyophilized cell lysate at 4℃. After re-dissolution, recommend to aliquot it into smaller quantities and store at -80℃.
Storage Buffer:1 X Sample Buffer (1 X modified RIPA buffer+1 X SDS loading buffer).
Storage Instruction:Store at 4℃. After re-dissolution, aliquot and store at -80℃.
Application notes:Western blot (WB): Use at an assay dependent dilution.
Other Applications: Not tested.
Optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
ATF2 Background

Activating transcription factor 2, also known as ATF2, is a member of the leucine zipper family of DNA-binding proteins that binds to the cAMP response element. Its activity is enhanced after phosphorylation by stress-activated protein kinases such as c-Jun N-terminal kinase and p38. ATF2 has been found to be a target of the JNK signal transduction pathway and mediate adenovirus E1A-inducible transcriptional activation. ATF2 is also been reported playing roles in TGF-β signaling pathway. It has been shown that the transcription factor ATF2 is bound by a hetero-oligomer of Smad3 and Smad4 upon TGF-β stimulation. Studies indicate that ATF-2 plays a central role in TGF-β signaling by acting as a common nuclear target of both Smad and TAK1 pathways. 

Human ATF2 References
  • Livingstone C, et al. (1995) ATF-2 contains a phosphorylation-dependent transcriptional activation domain. EMBO J. 14 (8): 1785-97.
  • Gupta S, et al. (1995) Transcription factor ATF2 regulation by the JNK signal transduction pathway. Science . 267 (5196): 389-93.
  • Sano YJ, et al. (1999) ATF-2 Is a Common Nuclear Target of Smad and TAK1 Pathways in Transforming Growth Factor-_ Signaling. The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 274: 8949-57.
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    Catalog: 11599-H20BL-300
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