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Human PAK3 Insect Cell Lysate (WB positive control)

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Human PAK3 Transfected / Overexpression Cell Lysate Product Information
Expressed Host:Baculovirus-Insect cells
Product Description:Baculovirus-Insect Cell lysate that Human PAK3 transfected / overexpressed for Western blot (WB) positive control. The whole cell lysate is provided in 1X Sample Buffer (1X modified RIPA buffer+1X SDS loading buffer).
Sequence information:A DNA sequence encoding the human PAK3 isoform 2 (O75914-2) (Met 1-Arg 544) was fused with a polyhistidine tag at the C-terminus.
Predicted N Terminal:Met 1
Molecule Mass:The recombinant human PAK3 consists of 554 amino acids and predicts a molecular mass of 62 kDa. It migrates as an approximately 60 kDa band in SDS-PAGE in SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions.
Human PAK3 Transfected / Overexpression Cell Lysate Usage Guide
Preparation Method:Cell lysate was prepared by homogenization in ice-cold modified RIPA Lysis Buffer with cocktail of protease inhibitors (Sigma). Cell debris was removed by centrifugation. Protein concentration was determined by Bradford assay (Bio-Rad protein assay, Microplate Standard assay). The cell lysate was boiled for 5 min in 1 x SDS loading buffer (50 mM Tris-HCl pH 6.8, 12.5% glycerol, 1% sodium dodecylsulfate, 0.01% bromophenol blue) containing 5% b-mercaptoethanol, and lyophilized.
Lysis Buffer:Modified RIPA Lysis Buffer: 50 mM Tris-HCl pH 7.4, 150 mM NaCl, 1mM EDTA, 1% Triton X-100, 0.1% SDS, 1% Sodium deoxycholate, 1mM PMSF.
Quality Control Testing:12.5% SDS-PAGE Stained with Coomassie Blue after protein purification.
Stability:Samples are stable for up to twelve months from date of receipt.
Recommend Usage:1.  Centrifuge the tube for a few seconds and ensure the pellet at the bottom of the tube. 2.  Re-dissolve the pellet using 200μL pure water and boil for 2-5 min. 3. Store the lyophilized cell lysate at 4℃. After re-dissolution, recommend to aliquot it into smaller quantities and store at -80℃.
Storage Buffer:1 X Sample Buffer (1 X modified RIPA buffer+1 X SDS loading buffer).
Storage Instruction:Store at 4℃. After re-dissolution, aliquot and store at -80℃.
Application notes:Western blot (WB): Use at an assay dependent dilution.
Other Applications: Not tested.
Optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
PAK3 Background

PAK3 is a member of PAK proteins, a family of serine/threonine p21-activating kinases, serve as effectors of small Rho GTPases Cdc42 and RAC and have been implicated in a wide range of biological activities. There are six mammalian PAKs which can be divided into two groups: group I PAKs (PAK1-3) and group II PAKs (PAK4-6). Although the two PAK groups are architecturally similar there are differences in their mode of regulation suggesting their cellular functions are likely to be different. Group I p21-activated kinases (PAK1/2/3) is demonstrated as ERK3/ERK4 activation loop kinases. It has been shown that group I PAKs phosphorylate ERK3 and ERK4 on Ser-189 and Ser-186, respectively, both in vitro and in vivo, and that expression of activated Rac1 augments this response. Besides regulation enzymatic activation of ERK3/ERK4, PAKs can also play roles in downstream activation of MAP kinase-activated protein kinase 5 (MK5) in vivo. Thus, the  group I PAKs act as upstream activators of ERK3 and ERK4 and unravel a novel PAK-ERK3/ERK4-MK5 signaling pathway. In clinical, PAK has been proposed as a potential therapeutic target in schwannomas.

Human PAK3 References
  • Whale A, et al. (2011) Signalling to cancer cell invasion through PAK family kinases. Front Biosci. 16: 849-64.
  • Deleris P, et al. (2011) Activation loop phosphorylation of ERK3/ERK4 by group I p21-activated kinases (PAKs) defines a novel PAK-ERK3/4-MAPK-activated protein kinase 5 signaling pathway. J Biol Chem. 286 (8): 6470-8.
  • Canet B, et al. (2011) Ovarian clear cell carcinomas: RHO GTPases may contribute to explain their singular biologic behavior. Hum Pathol. 42 (6): 833-9.
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    Catalog: 11532-H08BL-300
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