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Human beta-Catenin / CTNNB1 Protein (His & GST Tag)

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Human CTNNB1 Protein Product Information
Synonym:OK/SW-cl.35, CTNNB, DKFZp686D02253, FLJ25606, FLJ37923
Protein Construction:A DNA sequence encoding the human CTNNB1 (P35222-1) (Met 1-Leu 781) was fused with the N-terminal polyhistidine-tagged GST tag at the N-terminus.
Expressed Host:Baculovirus-Insect Cells
Shipping:In general, recombinant proteins are provided as lyophilized powder which are shipped at ambient temperature.
Bulk packages of recombinant proteins are provided as frozen liquid. They are shipped out with blue ice unless customers require otherwise.
Human CTNNB1 Protein QC Testing
Purity:> 87 % as determined by SDS-PAGE
Bio-Activity:Measured by its ability to bind biotinylated mouse ERBB2 in a functional ELISA.
Endotoxin:< 1.0 EU per μg of the protein as determined by the LAL method
Stability:Samples are stable for up to twelve months from date of receipt at -70℃
Predicted N Terminal:Met
Molecule Mass:The recombinant human CTNNB1/GST chimera consists of 1018 amino acids and has a calculated molecular mass of 113 kDa. It migrates as an approximately 116 kDa band in SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions.
Formulation:Lyophilized from sterile 50mM Tris, 100mM NaCl, 2mM GSH, 10% gly, pH 8.0
1. Normally 5 % - 8 % trehalose and mannitol are added as protectants before lyophilization. Specific concentrations are included in the hardcopy of COA.
2. Please contact us for any concerns or special requirements.
Human CTNNB1 Protein Usage Guide
Storage:Store it under sterile conditions at -20℃ to -80℃. It is recommended that the protein be aliquoted for optimal storage. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Reconstitution:A hardcopy of COA with reconstitution instruction is sent along with the products. Please refer to it for detailed information.
Other CTNNB1 Recombinant Protein Products
beta-Catenin/CTNNB1 Background

beta-Catenin, also known as CTNNB1, is a member of the armadillo family of proteins. These proteins have multiple copies of the so-called armadillo repeat domain, which is specialized for protein-protein binding. It is part of a complex of proteins that constitute adherens junctions (AJs). AJs are necessary for the creation and maintenance of epithelial cell layers by regulating cell growth and adhesion between cells. CTNNB1 also anchors the actin cytoskeleton and may be responsible for transmitting the contact inhibition signal that causes cells to stop dividing once the epithelial sheet is complete. Finally, beta-Catenin binds to the product of the APC gene, which is mutated in adenomatous polyposis of the colon. Defects in beta-Catenin can cause colorectal cancer, pilomatrixoma (PTR), medulloblastoma, and ovarian cancer. CTNNB1 is a key dowstream component of the canonical Wnt signaling pathway. In the absence of Wnt, it forms a complex with AXIN1, AXIN2, APC, CSNK1A1 and GSK3B that promotes phosphorylation on N-terminal Ser and Thr residues and ubiquitination of CTNNB1 via BTRC and its subsequent degradation by the proteasome. In the presence of Wnt ligand, beta-Catenin is not ubiquitinated and accumulates in the nucleus, where it acts as a coactivator for transcription factors of the TCF/LEF family, leading to activate Wnt responsive genes. CTNNB1 is involved in the regulation of cell adhesion. The majority of beta-catenin is localized to the cell membrane and is part of E-cadherin/catenin adhesion complexes which are proposed to couple cadherins to the actin cytoskeleton.

Human beta-Catenin/CTNNB1 References
  • Yang, et al. (2002) Linking β-catenin to androgen-signaling pathway. J Biol Chem. 277(13):11336-44.
  • Hino S, et al. (2005) Phosphorylation of β-Catenin by Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinase Stabilizes β-Catenin through Inhibition of Its Ubiquitination. Mol Cell Biol. 25(20):9063-72.
  • Liu X, et al. (2005) Rapid, Wnt-induced changes in GSK3beta associations that regulate beta-catenin stabilization are mediated by Galpha proteins. Curr Biol. 15(22):1989-97.
  • Kraus C, et al. (1994) Localization of the human β-catenin gene (CTNNB1) to 3p21: a region implicated in tumor development. Genomics. 23(1):272-4.
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    Catalog: 11279-H20B-50
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