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Human AACS / Acetoacetyl-CoA Synthetase Protein (His Tag)

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AACSProtein Product Information
Synonym:ACSF1, FLJ12389, FLJ41251, SUR-5, AACS
Protein Construction:A DNA sequence encoding the full length of human AACS isoform a (NP_076417.2) (Met 1-Phe 672) was expressed, with a polyhistidine tag at the N-terminus.
Expressed Host:Baculovirus-Insect Cells
Form & Shipping:In general, recombinant proteins are provided as lyophilized powder which are shipped at ambient temperature.
Bulk packages of recombinant proteins are provided as frozen liquid. They are shipped out with blue ice unless customers require otherwise.
AACSProtein QC Testing
Purity:> 96 % as determined by SDS-PAGE
Endotoxin:< 1.0 EU per μg of the protein as determined by the LAL method
Stability:Samples are stable for up to twelve months from date of receipt at -70℃
Predicted N Terminal:His
Molecule Mass:The recombinant human AACS consists of 690 amino acids and predicts a molecular mass of 77 kDa. It migrates as an approximately 60 kDa band in SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions.
Formulation:Lyophilized from sterile 20mM Tris, 500mM NaCl, pH 7.4
1. Normally 5 % - 8 % trehalose and mannitol are added as protectants before lyophilization. Specific concentrations are included in the hardcopy of COA.
2. Please contact us for any concerns or special requirements.
AACSProtein Usage Guide
Storage:Store it under sterile conditions at -20℃ to -80℃. It is recommended that the protein be aliquoted for optimal storage. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Reconstitution:A hardcopy of COA with reconstitution instruction is sent along with the products. Please refer to it for detailed information.

Acetoacetyl-CoA Synthetase (AACS) is a novel cytosolic ketone body (acetoacetate)-specific ligase. The AACS in adipose tissue plays an important role in utilizing ketone body for the fatty acid-synthesis during adipose tissue development. It had been improved that Acetoacetyl-CoA Synthetase is an essential enzyme for the synthesis of fatty acid and cholesterol from ketone bodies, was found to be highly expressed in mouse adipose tissue, and GC box and C/EBPs motif were crucial for AACS promoter activity in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Moreover, AACS promoter activity was controlled mainly by C/EBPalpha during adipogenesis. AACS gene expression is particularly abundant in white adipose tissue, as it is induced during adipocyte differentiation. The human AACS promoter is a PPARgamma target gene and that this nuclear receptor is recruited to the AACS promoter by direct interaction with Sp1 (stimulating protein-1). The Acetoacetyl-CoA Synthetase has important roles in the regulation of ketone body utilization in rat liver and that these hypocholesterolemic agents have the ability to remedy the impaired utilization of ketone bodies under the diabetic condition.

  • Aguil F, et al. (2010) Transcriptional regulation of the human acetoacetyl-CoA synthetase gene by PPARgamma. Biochem J. 427(2): 255-64.
  • Hasegawa S, et al. (2008) Transcriptional regulation of ketone body-utilizing enzyme, acetoacetyl-CoA synthetase, by C/EBPalpha during adipocyte differentiation. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1779(6-7): 414-9.
  • Sato H, et al. (2002) Effects of streptozotocin-induced diabetes on acetoacetyl-CoA synthetase activity in rats. Biochem Pharmacol. 63(10): 1851-5.
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