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Rat GM-CSF ORF mammalian expression plasmid, C-Flag tag

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Rat CSF2 cDNA Clone Product Information
RefSeq ORF Size:435bp
cDNA Description:Full length Clone DNA of Rattus norvegicus colony stimulating factor 2 (granulocyte-macrophage) with C terminal Flag tag.
Gene Synonym:Gmcsf, Gm-csf, Csf2
Restriction Site:KpnI + XbaI (6kb + 0.49kb)
Sequence Description:Identical with the Gene Bank Ref. ID sequence.
Promoter:Enhanced CMV mammalian cell promoter
Application:Stable or Transient mammalian expression
Antibiotic in E.coli:Kanamycin
Antibiotic in mammalian cell:Hygromycin
Shipping_carrier:Each tube contains lyophilized plasmid.
Storage:The lyophilized plasmid can be stored at room temperature for three months.
FLAG Tag Info

FLAG-tag, or FLAG octapeptide, is a polypeptide protein tag that can be added to a protein using recombinant DNA technology. It can be used for affinity chromatography, then used to separate recombinant, overexpressed protein from wild-type protein expressed by the host organism. It can also be used in the isolation of protein complexes with multiple subunits.

A FLAG-tag can be used in many different assays that require recognition by an antibody. If there is no antibody against the studied protein, adding a FLAG-tag to this protein allows one to follow the protein with an antibody against the FLAG sequence. Examples are cellular localization studies by immunofluorescence or detection by SDS PAGE protein electrophoresis.

The peptide sequence of the FLAG-tag from the N-terminus to the C-terminus is: DYKDDDDK (1012 Da). It can be used in conjunction with other affinity tags, for example a polyhistidine tag (His-tag), HA-tag or Myc-tag. It can be fused to the C-terminus or the N-terminus of a protein. Some commercially available antibodies (e.g., M1/4E11) recognize the epitope only when it is present at the N-terminus. However, other available antibodies (e.g., M2) are position-insensitive.

Product nameProduct name
Human M-CSF / CSF-1 ProteinCynomolgus / Rhesus M-CSF / CSF-1 Protein (Fc Tag)Cynomolgus / Rhesus M-CSF / CSF-1 Protein (His Tag)Human M-CSF / CSF-1 Protein (His Tag)Human G-CSF / CSF3 Protein (isoform b)Mouse M-CSF / CSF-1 ProteinHuman M-CSF / CSF-1 Protein (His Tag)Human GM-CSF / CSF2 Protein (Fc Tag)Human G-CSF / CSF3 Protein (Fc Tag)Human G-CSFR / CD114 / CSF3R Protein (Fc Tag)Human G-CSFR / CD114 / CSF3R ProteinHuman CSF2RA / GM-CSFR / CD116 Protein (Fc Tag)Human CSF1R / MCSF Receptor / CD115 Protein (His & Fc Tag)Human CSF1R / MCSF Receptor / CD115 ProteinHuman CSF1R / MCSF Receptor / CD115 Protein (His Tag)Human CSF2RA / GM-CSFR / CD116 Protein (His Tag)Human CD131 / CSF2RB / IL3RB / IL5RB Protein (His Tag)Mouse CSF1R / MCSF Receptor / CD115 Protein (His Tag)Human / Cynomolgus M-CSF / CSF-1 Protein (His Tag)Human G-CSFR / CD114 Protein (His Tag)Human GM-CSF / CSF2 Protein (His Tag)Human G-CSF / CSF3 Protein (isoform b)Human CSF1R / MCSF Receptor / CD115 Protein (His & GST Tag)Human CSF1R / MCSF Receptor / CD115 Protein (aa 543-922, His & GST Tag)Mouse CSF1R / MCSF Receptor / CD115 Protein (His & Fc Tag)Rat CD131 / CSF2RB / IL3RB / IL5RB Protein (Fc Tag)Mouse M-CSF / CSF-1 Protein (His Tag)Mouse GM-CSF / CSF2 Protein (Fc Tag)Mouse GM-CSF / CSF2 Protein (His Tag)Rat GM-CSF / CSF2 Protein (His Tag)Rat CSF1R / MCSF Receptor / CD115 Protein (His Tag)Human GM-CSF / CSF2 ProteinHuman GM-CSF / CSF2 ProteinRat CSF1R / MCSF Receptor / CD115 Protein (Fc Tag)Rat GM-CSF / CSF2 Protein (Fc Tag)Mouse GM-CSF / CSF2 ProteinHuman M-CSF / CSF-1 Protein (Fc Tag)

Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is one of an array of cytokines with pivotal roles in embryo implantation and subsequent development. Several cell lineages in the reproductive tract and gestational tissues synthesise GM-CSF under direction by ovarian steroid hormones and signalling agents originating in male seminal fluid and the conceptus. The pre-implantation embryo, invading placental trophoblast cells and the abundant populations of leukocytes controlling maternal immune tolerance are all subject to GM-CSF regulation. GM-CSF stimulates the differentiation of hematopoietic progenitors to monocytes and neutrophils, and reduces the risk for febrile neutropenia in cancer patients. GM-CSF also has been shown to induce the differentiation of myeloid dendritic cells (DCs) that promote the development of T-helper type 1 (cellular) immune responses in cognate T cells. The active form of the protein is found extracellularly as a homodimer, and the encoding gene is localized to a related gene cluster at chromosome region 5q31 which is known to be associated with 5q-syndrome and acute myelogenous leukemia. As a part of the immune/inflammatory cascade, GM-CSF promotes Th1 biased immune response, angiogenesis, allergic inflammation, and the development of autoimmunity, and thus worthy of consideration for therapeutic target. GM-CSF has been utilized in the clinical management of multiple disease processes. Most recently, GM-CSF has been incorporated into the treatment of malignancies as a sole therapy, as well as a vaccine adjuvant. While the benefits of GM-CSF in this arena have been promising, recent reports have suggested the potential for GM-CSF to induce immune suppression and, thus, negatively impact outcomes in the management of cancer patients. GM-CSF deficiency in pregnancy adversely impacts fetal and placental development, as well as progeny viability and growth after birth, highlighting this cytokine as a central maternal determinant of pregnancy outcome with clinical relevance in human fertility.

  • Robertson SA. (2007) GM-CSF regulation of embryo development and pregnancy. Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 18(3-4): 287-98.
  • Waller EK. (2007) The role of sargramostim (rhGM-CSF) as immunotherapy. Oncologist. 12 Suppl 2: 22-6.
  • Clive KS, et al. (2010) Use of GM-CSF as an adjuvant with cancer vaccines: beneficial or detrimental? Expert Rev Vaccines. 9(5): 519-25.
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