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Human CDC2 Kinase / CDK1 Baculovirus-Insect Cells Transfected Lysate (positive control) (denatured)

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CDK1/CDC2Cells Transfected Lysate Product Information
Product Description:Baculovirus-Insect Cells transfected lysate in which Human CDC2 Kinase / CDK1 has been over-expressed. The whole cell lysate is provided in 1X Sample Buffer (1X modified RIPA buffer+1X SDS sample buffer).
Preparation Method:Cell lysate was prepared by homogenization in ice-cold modified RIPA Lysis Buffer with cocktail of protease inhibitors (Sigma). Cell debris was removed by centrifugation. Protein concentration was determined with Bradford assay (Bio-Rad protein assay, Microplate Standard assay). The cell lysate was boiled for 5 minutes in 1 x SDS sample buffer (50 mM Tris-HCl pH 6.8, 12.5% glycerol, 1% sodium dodecylsulfate, 0.01% bromophenol blue) containing 5% b-mercaptoethanol, and lyophilized.
Lysis Buffer:Modified RIPA Lysis Buffer: 50 mM Tris-HCl pH 7.4, 150 mM NaCl, 1mM EDTA, 1% Triton X-100, 0.1% SDS, 1% Sodium deoxycholate, 1mM PMSF
Quality Control Testing:12.5% SDS-PAGE Stained with Coomassie Blue
Stability:Samples are stable for up to twelve months from date of receipt at -80℃
Recommend Usage:1. Centrifuge the tube for a few seconds and ensure the pellet at the bottom of the tube. 2. Re-dissolve the pellet using 200μL pure water and boiled for 2-5 min. 3. Store it at -80℃. Recommend to aliquot the cell lysate into smaller quantities for optimal storage. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles. Notes:The lysate is ready to load on SDS-PAGE for Western blot application. If dissociating conditions are required, add reducing agent prior to heating.
Storage Buffer:In modified RIPA Lysis Buffer
Storage Instruction:Store at -80℃. Aliquot to avoid repeated freezing and thawing
Application notes:WB: Use at an assay dependent dilution.
Not yet tested in other applications.
Optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

CDC2, also known as CDK1, contains 1 protein kinase domain and belongs to the protein kinase superfamily, CMGC Ser/Thr protein kinase family, CDC2/CDKX subfamily. CDC2 is a catalytic subunit of the highly conserved protein kinase complex known as M-phase promoting factor (MPF), which is essential for G1/S and G2/M phase transitions of eukaryotic cell cycle. Mitotic cyclins stably associate with CDC2 and function as regulatory subunits. The kinase activity of CDK1 is controlled by cyclin accumulation and destruction through the cell cycle. The phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of CDC2 also play important regulatory roles in cell cycle control. It is required in higher cells for entry into S-phase and mitosis. CDC2 also is a cyclin-dependent kinase which displays CTD kinase activity and is required for RNA splicing. It has CTD kinase activity by hyperphosphorylating the C-terminal heptapeptide repeat domain (CTD) of the largest RNA polymerase II subunit RPB1, thereby acting as a key regulator of transcription elongation. CDK1 is required for RNA splicing, possibly by phosphorylating SRSF1/SF2. It is involved in regulation of MAP kinase activity, possibly leading to affect the response to estrogn inhibitors.

  • Lee MG, et al. (1987) Complementation used to clone a human homologue of the fission yeast cell cycle control gene cdc2. Nature. 327(6117):31-5.
  • Enserink JM, et al. (2010) An overview of Cdk1-controlled targets and processes. Cell Division. 5(11): 1-41.
  • Ninomiya-Tsuji J, et al. (1991) Cloning of a human cDNA encoding a CDC2-related kinase by complementation of a budding yeast cdc28 mutation. Proc Natl Acad Sci. 88(20):9006-10.
  • Zhan Q, et al. (1999) Association with Cdc2 and inhibition of Cdc2/Cyclin B1 kinase activity by the p53-regulated protein Gadd45. Oncogene. 18(18):2892-900.
  • Jin S, et al. (2000) The GADD45 inhibition of Cdc2 kinase correlates with GADD45-mediated growth suppression. J Biol Chem. 275(22):16602-8.

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