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Human PLK1 / PLK-1 Insect Cell Lysate (WB positive control)

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Human PLK1 Transfected / Overexpression Cell Lysate Product Information
Expressed Host:Baculovirus-Insect cells
Product Description:Baculovirus-Insect Cell lysate that Human PLK1 / PLK-1 transfected / overexpressed for Western blot (WB) positive control. The whole cell lysate is provided in 1X Sample Buffer (1X modified RIPA buffer+1X SDS loading buffer).
Sequence information:A DNA sequence encoding the human PLK1 (NP_005021.2) (Met 1-Ser 603) was expressed, with a polyhistidine tag at the N-terminus.
Predicted N Terminal:His
Molecule Mass:The recombinant human PLK1 consists of 621 amino acids and predicts a molecular mass of 70.5 kDa. It migrates as an approximately 66 kDa band in SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions.
Human PLK1 Transfected / Overexpression Cell Lysate Usage Guide
Preparation Method:Cell lysate was prepared by homogenization in ice-cold modified RIPA Lysis Buffer with cocktail of protease inhibitors (Sigma). Cell debris was removed by centrifugation. Protein concentration was determined by Bradford assay (Bio-Rad protein assay, Microplate Standard assay). The cell lysate was boiled for 5 min in 1 x SDS loading buffer (50 mM Tris-HCl pH 6.8, 12.5% glycerol, 1% sodium dodecylsulfate, 0.01% bromophenol blue) containing 5% b-mercaptoethanol, and lyophilized.
Lysis Buffer:Modified RIPA Lysis Buffer: 50 mM Tris-HCl pH 7.4, 150 mM NaCl, 1mM EDTA, 1% Triton X-100, 0.1% SDS, 1% Sodium deoxycholate, 1mM PMSF.
Quality Control Testing:12.5% SDS-PAGE Stained with Coomassie Blue after protein purification.
Stability:Samples are stable for up to twelve months from date of receipt.
Recommend Usage:1.  Centrifuge the tube for a few seconds and ensure the pellet at the bottom of the tube. 2.  Re-dissolve the pellet using 200μL pure water and boil for 2-5 min. 3. Store the lyophilized cell lysate at 4℃. After re-dissolution, recommend to aliquot it into smaller quantities and store at -80℃.
Storage Buffer:1 X Sample Buffer (1 X modified RIPA buffer+1 X SDS loading buffer).
Storage Instruction:Store at 4℃. After re-dissolution, aliquot and store at -80℃.
Application notes:Western blot (WB): Use at an assay dependent dilution.
Other Applications: Not tested.
Optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
PLK1/PLK-1 Background

Serine / threonine-protein kinase PLK1 / PLK-1, also known as polo-like kinase 1 (PLK-1) or serine / threonine-protein kinase 13 (STPK13), Polo-like kinases (PLKs), is a family of four serine / threonine protein kinases that are critical regulators of cell cycle progression, mitosis, cytokinesis, and the DNA damage response. PLK1 / PLK-1 is ubiquitously expressed. The mRNA and protein expression of PLK1 / PLK-1, -2 and -4 are coordinately regulated during cell cycle progression, but PLK3 levels are independent of the other three family members. PLK1 / PLK-1 is the most well characterized member of this family and strongly promotes the progression of cells through mitosis. During the various stages of mitosis PLK1 / PLK-1 localizes to the centrosomes, kinetochores and central spindle. PLKs are dysregulated in a variety of human cancers. PLK1 / PLK-1 overexpression correlates with cellular proliferation and poor prognosis. Serine / threonine-protein kinase that performs several important functions throughout M phase of the cell cycle, including the regulation of centrosome maturation and spindle assembly, the removal of cohesins from chromosome arms, the inactivation of APC / C inhibitors, and the regulation of mitotic exit and cytokinesis. It is required for recovery after DNA damage checkpoint and entry into mitosis. PLK1 / PLK-1 is required for kinetochore localization of BUB1B, spindle pole localization of isoform 3 of SGOL1 and plays a role in regulating its centriole cohesion function. PLK1 / PLK-1 Phosphorylates BORA, and thereby promotes the degradation of BORA. PLK1 / PLK-1 also contributes to the regulation of AURKA function and phosphorylates SGOL1.

Human PLK1/PLK-1 References
  • Lee KS, et al. (2008) Self-regulated mechanism of Plk1 localization to kinetochores: lessons from the Plk1-PBIP1 interaction. Cell Div. 3: 4.
  • Zhou T, et al. (2003) A role for Plk1 phosphorylation of NudC in cytokinesis. Dev Cell. 5 (1): 127-38.
  • Lee M, et al. (2004) Phosphorylation of BRCA2 by the Polo-like kinase Plk1 is regulated by DNA damage and mitotic progression. Oncogene. 23 (4): 865-72.
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    Catalog: 10676-H07BL-300
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