|Datasheet||Specific References||Reviews||Related Products||Protocols|
|Human Cell lysate that Human PAPPA2 / Pappalysin 2 transfected / overexpressed for Western blot (WB) positive control. The whole cell lysate is provided in 1X Sample Buffer (1X modified RIPA buffer+1X SDS loading buffer).|
|A DNA sequence encoding the human PAPPA2 mature form (NP_064714.2) corresponding to amino acid (Ser 234-Cys 1396) was expressed， with a carboxy-terminal polyhistidine tag.|
|The secreted recombinant human PAPPA2 consists of 1174 amino acids with the predicted molecular mass of 131 kDa. As a result of glycosylation, rhPAPPA2 migrates as an approximately 170-180 kDa band in SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions.|
|Cell lysate was prepared by homogenization in ice-cold modified RIPA Lysis Buffer with cocktail of protease inhibitors (Sigma). Cell debris was removed by centrifugation. Protein concentration was determined by Bradford assay (Bio-Rad protein assay, Microplate Standard assay). The cell lysate was boiled for 5 min in 1 x SDS loading buffer (50 mM Tris-HCl pH 6.8, 12.5% glycerol, 1% sodium dodecylsulfate, 0.01% bromophenol blue) containing 5% b-mercaptoethanol, and lyophilized.|
|Modified RIPA Lysis Buffer: 50 mM Tris-HCl pH 7.4, 150 mM NaCl, 1mM EDTA, 1% Triton X-100, 0.1% SDS, 1% Sodium deoxycholate, 1mM PMSF.|
|12.5% SDS-PAGE Stained with Coomassie Blue after protein purification.|
|Samples are stable for up to twelve months from date of receipt.|
|1. Centrifuge the tube for a few seconds and ensure the pellet at the bottom of the tube. 2. Re-dissolve the pellet using 200μL pure water and boil for 2-5 min. 3. Store the lyophilized cell lysate at 4℃. After re-dissolution, recommend to aliquot it into smaller quantities and store at -80℃.|
|1 X Sample Buffer (1 X modified RIPA buffer+1 X SDS loading buffer).|
|Store at 4℃. After re-dissolution, aliquot and store at -80℃.|
|Western blot (WB): Use at an assay dependent dilution.|
Other Applications: Not tested.
Optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Pappalysin-2/PAPP-A2 is the second member of the pappalysin family of metzincin superfamily, of which PAPP-A is the first member. There is no homology between the prepro-peptides of PAPP-A and PAPP-A2, but 46% of the residues of mature PAPP-A are also present in mature PAPP-A2. PAPP-A specifically cleaves insulin-like growth factor-binding protein(IGFBP)-4, one of six known modulators of IGF-I and –II, whereas PAPP-A2 specifically cleaved IGFBP-5 at one site, between Ser-143 and Lys-144. In contrast to the cleavage of IGFBP-4 by PAPP-A that strictly requires the presence of IGF, the cleavage of IGFBP-5 by PAPP-A2 was IGF-independent. Recent data firmly establish PAPP-A and IGFBP-4 as an important functional pair in several systems. Because of its close relationship with PAPP-A, both structurally and functionally, PAPP-A2 is a likely candidate for IGFBP-5 proteinase in many tissues and conditioned media where IGFBP-5 proteolysis has been reported.