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|Human Cell lysate that Human Frizzled-5 / FZD5 transfected / overexpressed for Western blot (WB) positive control. The whole cell lysate is provided in 1X Sample Buffer (1X modified RIPA buffer+1X SDS loading buffer).|
|A DNA sequence encoding the extracellular domain (Met 1-Pro 167) of human frizzled 5 (NP_003459.2) was fused with a polyhistidine tag at the C-terminus.|
|The recombinant human frizzled5 consists of 152 amino acids and has a predicted molecular mass of 17.6 kDa. In SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions, the apparent molecular mass of rhfrizzled5 is approximately 25-30 kDa due to glycosylation.|
|Cell lysate was prepared by homogenization in ice-cold modified RIPA Lysis Buffer with cocktail of protease inhibitors (Sigma). Cell debris was removed by centrifugation. Protein concentration was determined by Bradford assay (Bio-Rad protein assay, Microplate Standard assay). The cell lysate was boiled for 5 min in 1 x SDS loading buffer (50 mM Tris-HCl pH 6.8, 12.5% glycerol, 1% sodium dodecylsulfate, 0.01% bromophenol blue) containing 5% b-mercaptoethanol, and lyophilized.|
|Modified RIPA Lysis Buffer: 50 mM Tris-HCl pH 7.4, 150 mM NaCl, 1mM EDTA, 1% Triton X-100, 0.1% SDS, 1% Sodium deoxycholate, 1mM PMSF.|
|12.5% SDS-PAGE Stained with Coomassie Blue after protein purification.|
|Samples are stable for up to twelve months from date of receipt.|
|1. Centrifuge the tube for a few seconds and ensure the pellet at the bottom of the tube. 2. Re-dissolve the pellet using 200μL pure water and boil for 2-5 min. 3. Store the lyophilized cell lysate at 4℃. After re-dissolution, recommend to aliquot it into smaller quantities and store at -80℃.|
|1 X Sample Buffer (1 X modified RIPA buffer+1 X SDS loading buffer).|
|Store at 4℃. After re-dissolution, aliquot and store at -80℃.|
|Western blot (WB): Use at an assay dependent dilution.|
Other Applications: Not tested.
Optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Wnt signaling is involved in a variety of embryonic development processes of nonvertebrates and vertebrates, where it determines cell motility, cell polarity, differentiation, proliferation and apoptosis, as well as formation of neural synapses. Various homologs of the Wingless protein, termed WNT factors, represent key mediators and act through a receptor complex comprised of members of the Frizzled and low density lipoprotein-related receptors (LRP). 19 WNTs, 10 Frizzled, and 2 LRP proteins have been identified. Frizzled is a family of G protein-coupled receptor proteins consisting of a divergent signal peptide, a highly conserved extracellular cysteine-rich domain (CRD), a variable-length linker region, a seven-pass transmembrane domain, and a variable-length C-terminal tail.Frizzled 5 (FZD5) is believed to be the receptor for the Wnt5A ligand, and also interactions with Wnt10B, Wnt2B, and Wnt 7A functionally. Recent studies of WNT5A/Frizzled-5 signaling have revealed an unexpected and novel role in orchestrating adaptive immunity in response to microbial stimulation. In addition, FZD5 is also implicated in the survival of mature neurons in the parafascicular nucleus of the thalamus.