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Human Lefty2 / Lefty A HEK293 Cell Lysate (WB positive control)

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Human LEFTY2 Transfected / Overexpression Cell Lysate Product Information
Expressed Host:Human Cells
Product Description:Human Cell lysate that Human Lefty A transfected / overexpressed for Western blot (WB) positive control. The whole cell lysate is provided in 1X Sample Buffer (1X modified RIPA buffer+1X SDS loading buffer).
Sequence information:A DNA sequence encoding the mature form of human LeftyA (NP_003231.2) (Phe 78-Pro 366) was fused with the Fc region of human IgG1 at the N-terminus.
Predicted N Terminal:Glu 20
Molecule Mass:The recombinant human LeftyA/Fc is a disulfide-linked homodimer The reduced monomer consists of 526 amino acids and has a predicted molecular mass of 58.8 kDa. In SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions, the apparent molecular mass of rh LeftyA/Fc monomer is approximately 70 kDa due to glycosylation.
Human LEFTY2 Transfected / Overexpression Cell Lysate Usage Guide
Preparation Method:Cell lysate was prepared by homogenization in ice-cold modified RIPA Lysis Buffer with cocktail of protease inhibitors (Sigma). Cell debris was removed by centrifugation. Protein concentration was determined by Bradford assay (Bio-Rad protein assay, Microplate Standard assay). The cell lysate was boiled for 5 min in 1 x SDS loading buffer (50 mM Tris-HCl pH 6.8, 12.5% glycerol, 1% sodium dodecylsulfate, 0.01% bromophenol blue) containing 5% b-mercaptoethanol, and lyophilized.
Lysis Buffer:Modified RIPA Lysis Buffer: 50 mM Tris-HCl pH 7.4, 150 mM NaCl, 1mM EDTA, 1% Triton X-100, 0.1% SDS, 1% Sodium deoxycholate, 1mM PMSF.
Quality Control Testing:12.5% SDS-PAGE Stained with Coomassie Blue after protein purification.
Stability:Samples are stable for up to twelve months from date of receipt.
Recommend Usage:1.  Centrifuge the tube for a few seconds and ensure the pellet at the bottom of the tube. 2.  Re-dissolve the pellet using 200μL pure water and boil for 2-5 min. 3. Store the lyophilized cell lysate at 4℃. After re-dissolution, recommend to aliquot it into smaller quantities and store at -80℃.
Storage Buffer:1 X Sample Buffer (1 X modified RIPA buffer+1 X SDS loading buffer).
Storage Instruction:Store at 4℃. After re-dissolution, aliquot and store at -80℃.
Application notes:Western blot (WB): Use at an assay dependent dilution.
Other Applications: Not tested.
Optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Lefty2 Background

left-right determination factor 2 (Lefty2), also known as Left-right determination factor A (Lefty A), endometrial bleeding associated factor (left-right determination, factor A transforming growth factor beta superfamily), and Transforming growth factor beta-4, is a member of the TGF-beta family of proteins. This protein is secreted and plays a role in left-right asymmetry determination of organ systems during development. Lefty2/Lefty A may also play a role in endometrial bleeding. Mutations in Lefty2/Lefty A have been associated with left-right axis malformations, particularly in the heart and lungs. Some types of infertility have been associated with dysregulated expression of this gene in the endometrium. Alternative processing of this protein can yield three different products. Depletion of both Lefty1 and Lefty2 causes unchecked Nodal signaling, expansion of mesendoderm, and loss of ectoderm. The expansion of mesendoderm correlates with an extended period of rapid cellular internalization and a failure of deep-cell epiboly. The gastrulation defects of embryos depleted of Lefty1 and Lefty2 result from the deregulation of Squint signaling.

Human Lefty2 References
  • Feldman B, et al. (2002) Lefty antagonism of Squint is essential for normal gastrulation. Curr Biol. 12(24): 2129-35.
  • Meno C, et al. (1999) Mouse Lefty2 and zebrafish antivin are feedback inhibitors of nodal signaling during vertebrate gastrulation. Mol Cell. 4(3): 287-98.
  • Meno C, et al. (2001) Diffusion of nodal signaling activity in the absence of the feedback inhibitor Lefty2. Dev Cell. 1(1): 127-38.
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    Catalog: 10248-H01HL-300
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