|Datasheet||Specific References||Reviews||Related Products||Protocols|
|Human Cell lysate that Human CPE transfected / overexpressed for Western blot (WB) positive control. The whole cell lysate is provided in 1X Sample Buffer (1X modified RIPA buffer+1X SDS loading buffer).|
|A DNA sequence encoding the human carboxypeptidase E (CPE) precursor (NP_001864.1) (Met 1-Ser 453) was fused with a polyhistidine tag at the C-terminus.|
|The recombinant human CPE comprises 439 amino acids and predicts a molecular mass of 49.4 kDa. As a result of glycosylation, the apparent molecular mass of rhCPE is approximately 53 kDa in SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions.|
|Cell lysate was prepared by homogenization in ice-cold modified RIPA Lysis Buffer with cocktail of protease inhibitors (Sigma). Cell debris was removed by centrifugation. Protein concentration was determined by Bradford assay (Bio-Rad protein assay, Microplate Standard assay). The cell lysate was boiled for 5 min in 1 x SDS loading buffer (50 mM Tris-HCl pH 6.8, 12.5% glycerol, 1% sodium dodecylsulfate, 0.01% bromophenol blue) containing 5% b-mercaptoethanol, and lyophilized.|
|Modified RIPA Lysis Buffer: 50 mM Tris-HCl pH 7.4, 150 mM NaCl, 1mM EDTA, 1% Triton X-100, 0.1% SDS, 1% Sodium deoxycholate, 1mM PMSF.|
|12.5% SDS-PAGE Stained with Coomassie Blue after protein purification.|
|Samples are stable for up to twelve months from date of receipt.|
|1. Centrifuge the tube for a few seconds and ensure the pellet at the bottom of the tube. 2. Re-dissolve the pellet using 200μL pure water and boil for 2-5 min. 3. Store the lyophilized cell lysate at 4℃. After re-dissolution, recommend to aliquot it into smaller quantities and store at -80℃.|
|1 X Sample Buffer (1 X modified RIPA buffer+1 X SDS loading buffer).|
|Store at 4℃. After re-dissolution, aliquot and store at -80℃.|
|Western blot (WB): Use at an assay dependent dilution.|
Other Applications: Not tested.
Optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Human carboxypeptidase E (CPE), also known as Carboxypeptidase H, is a peripheral membrane protein and a zinc metallocarboxypeptidase, and the conversion of proCPE into CPE occurs primarily in secretory vesicles. The active form of CPE cleaves C-terminal amino acid residues of the peptide, and is thus involved in the biosynthesis of peptide hormones and neurotransmitters including insulin, enkephalin, etc. The enzymatic activity is enhanced by millimolar concentrations of Co2+. It has also been proposed that membrane-associated carboxypeptidase E acts as a sorting receptor for targeting regulated secretory proteins which are mostly prohormones and neuropeptides in the trans-Golgi network of the pituitary and in secretory granules into the secretory pathway.Its interaction with glycosphingolipid-cholesterol rafts at the TGN facilitates the targeting. Mutations in this gene are implicated in type I I diabetes due to impaired glucose clearance and insulin resistance.