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The pGEM-T is 3kb in length, and contains the amplicin resistance gene, conferring selection of the plasmid in E. coli, and the ori site which is the bacterial origin of replication. The plasmid has multiple cloning sites as shown below. The coding sequence was inserted by TA cloning. Many E. coli strains are suitable for the propagation of this vector including JM109, DH5α and TOP10.
The coding sequence can be easily obtained by digesting the vector with proper restriction enzyme(s). The coding sequence can also be amplified by PCR with M13 primers, or primer pair SP6 and T7.
UBASH3A is a member of the T-cell ubiquitin ligand (TULA) family. This family consists of two members. Both of them can negatively regulate T-cell signaling. UBASH3A can facilitate growth factor withdrawal-induced apoptosis in T cells, which may occur via its interaction with AIF, an apoptosis-inducing factor. Alternative splicing of UBASH3A gene results in multiple transcript variants. It interferes with CBL-mediated down-regulation and degradation of receptor-type tyrosine kinases. UBASH3A promotes accumulation of activated target receptors, such as T-cell receptors, EGFR and PDGFRB, on the cell surface. UBASH3A also exhibits negligigle protein tyrosine phosphatase activity at neutral pH. It may act as a dominant-negative regulator of UBASH3B-dependent dephosphorylation. It may also inhibit dynamin-dependent endocytic pathways by functionally sequestering dynamin via its SH3 domain.