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Rat TLR4 Gene cDNA Clone (full-length ORF Clone)

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TLR4cDNA Clone Product Information
Gene Bank Ref.ID:NM_019178.1
cDNA Size:2508
cDNA Description:ORF Clone of Rattus norvegicus toll-like receptor 4 DNA.
Gene Synonym:Tlr4
Species:Rat
Vector:pGEM-T Vector
Restriction Site:
Tag Sequence:
Sequence Description:Identical with the Gene Bank Ref. ID sequence except for the point mutations: 220 A/T resulting in the amino acid Thr substitution by Ser and 309 C/T,498 G/A,978 G/A not causing the amino acid variation.
Shipping Carrier:Each tube contains approximately 10 μg of lyophilized plasmid.
Storage:The lyophilized plasmid can be stored at ambient temperature for three months.
pGEM-T Vector Information

The pGEM-T is 3kb in length, and contains the amplicin resistance gene, conferring selection of the plasmid in E. coli, and the ori site which is the bacterial origin of replication. The plasmid has multiple cloning sites as shown below. The coding sequence was inserted by TA cloning. Many E. coli strains are suitable for the propagation of this vector including JM109, DH5α and TOP10.

pGEM-T Simple Usage Suggestion:

The coding sequence can be easily obtained by digesting the vector with proper restriction enzyme(s). The coding sequence can also be amplified by PCR with M13 primers, or primer pair SP6 and T7.

Vector Sequence Download
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Background

TLR4, also known as TLR-4, is a member of the Toll-like receptor (TLR) family, which plays a fundamental role in pathogen recognition and activation of innate immunity. TLRs are highly conserved from Drosophila to humans and share structural and functional similarities. They recognize pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) that are expressed on infectious agents, and mediate the production of cytokines necessary for the development of effective immunity. TLR4 is most abundantly expressed in placenta, and in myelomonocytic subpopulation of the leukocytes. TLR 4 has also been designated as CD284 (cluster of differentiation 284). It has been implicated in signal transduction events induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) found in most gram-negative bacteria. TLR4 Cooperates with LY96 and CD14 to mediate the innate immune response to bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS). It acts via MYD88, TIRAP and TRAF6, leading to NF-kappa-B activation, cytokine secretion and the inflammatory response. It is also involved in LPS-independent inflammatory responses triggered by Ni(2+).

References
  • Re, Fabio, et al. (2002) Monomeric recombinant MD-2 binds toll-like receptor 4 tightly and confers lipopolysaccharide responsiveness. J Biol Chem. 277(26):23427-32.
  • Shimazu, R, et al. (1999) MD-2, a Molecule that Confers Lipopolysaccharide Responsiveness on Toll-like Receptor 4. J Exp Med. 189(11):1777-82.
  • Espevik T, et al. (2010) The Rab11a GTPase controls Toll-like receptor 4-induced activation of interferon regulatory factor-3 on phagosomes. Immunity. 33(4):583-96.
  • Blanco, A M, et al. (2005) Involvement of TLR4/type I IL-1 receptor signaling in the induction of inflammatory mediators and cell death induced by ethanol in cultured astrocytes. Journal of immunology. 175(10):6893-9.
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