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TIM4 / TIMD4 Antibody, Rabbit MAb

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TIMD4/TIM4Antibody Product Information
Antigen:Recombinant Mouse TIM4 / TIMD4 protein (Catalog#50388-M08H)
Clone ID:102
Ig Type:Rabbit IgG
Concentration:
Formulation:0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with 5% trehalose
Preparation:This antibody was obtained from a rabbit immunized with purified, recombinant Mouse TIM4 / TIMD4 (rM TIM4 / TIMD4; Catalog#50388-M08H; NP_848874.3; Met 1-Thr 279).
TIMD4/TIM4Antibody Usage Guide
Specificity:Mouse TIM4 / TIMD4
No cross-reactivity in ELISA with
Human TIMD4
Human KIM1 (aa 1-135)
Application:ELISA

ELISA: 0.1-0.2 μg/mL

This antibody can be used at 0.1-0.2 μg/mL with the appropriate secondary reagents to detect Mouse TIMD4. The detection limit for Mouse TIMD4 is approximately 0.0195 ng/well.

Storage:This antibody can be stored at 2℃-8℃ for one month without detectable loss of activity. Antibody products are stable for twelve months from date of receipt when stored at -20℃ to -70℃. Preservative-Free.
Sodium azide is recommended to avoid contamination (final concentration 0.05%-0.1%). It is toxic to cells and should be disposed of properly. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Background

A type I transmembrane protein called TIM4 (T-cell immunoglobulin- and mucin-domain-containing molecule; also known as TIMD4), which belongs to the immunoglobulin superfamily and TIM family. TIM4 is involved in regulating T-cell proliferation and lymphotoxin signaling. It is a ligand for HAVCR1/TIMD1. Recent reports indicate that dendritic cell (DC)-derived T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain molecule (TIM)-4, which is expressed on dendritic cells and macrophages, plays an important role in the initiation of T(H)2 polarization. TIM4 bound apoptotic cells by recognizing phosphatidylserine via its immunoglobulin domain. The expression of TIM4 in fibroblasts enhanced their ability to engulf apoptotic cells. TIM4 is phosphatidylserine receptor for the engulfment of apoptotic cells, and may also be involved in intercellular signalling in which exosomes are involved. Modulation of TIM4 production in dendritic cells (DCs) represents a novel therapeutic approach for the treatment of peanut allergy. The interaction of TIM1/TIM4 played a critical role in sustaining the polarization status of Th2 cells in allergic rhinitis (AR) patients. Cross-linking FcgammaRI by antigen/IgG complexes increased the production of TIM4 by dendritic cells via upregulating tumor necrosis factor-alpha in DCs. Specific immunotherapy (SIT) suppresses the skewed Th2 responses via disrupting the interaction of TIM1/TIM4 in antigen-specific Th2 cells.

References
  • Miyanishi M, et al. (2007) Identification of Tim4 as a phosphatidylserine receptor. Nature. 450(7168): 435-9.
  • Feng BS, et al. (2008) Disruption of T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain molecule (TIM)-1/TIM4 interaction as a therapeutic strategy in a dendritic cell-induced peanut allergy model. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 122(1): 55-61.
  • Cai PC, et al. (2009) Association of TIM4 promoter polymorphism -1419GA with childhood asthma in a Chinese Han population. Tissue Antigens. 74(1): 11-6.
  • Zhao CQ, et al. (2010) Specific immunotherapy suppresses Th2 responses via modulating TIM1/TIM4 interaction on dendritic cells. Allergy. 65(8): 986-95.
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